St. Gallen

St. Gallen or traditionally St Gall, in German sometimes Sankt Gallen (Sankt Gallen ; French: Saint-Gall; Italian: San Gallo; Romansh: Son Gagl) is a Swiss city and the capital of the canton of St. Gallen. It evolved from the hermitage of Saint Gall, founded in the 7th century.[3] Today, it is a large urban agglomeration (with around 167,000 inhabitants in 2019)[4] and represents the center of eastern Switzerland. Its economy consists mainly of the service sector. The city is home of the University of St. Gallen, one of the best business schools in Europe.[5]

St. Gallen
A view of St. Gallen
Location of St. Gallen
St. Gallen
St. Gallen
Coordinates: 47°25′27″N 9°22′15″E
CountrySwitzerland
CantonSt. Gallen
DistrictSt. Gallen
Government
  ExecutiveStadtrat
with 5 members
  MayorStadtpräsidentin (list)
Maria Pappa SPS/PSS
(as of January 2021)
  ParliamentStadtparlament
with 63 members
Area
  Total39.41 km2 (15.22 sq mi)
Elevation
(Bahnhofsplatz)
669 m (2,195 ft)
Highest elevation
(Birt)
1,074 m (3,524 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Goldachtobel)
496 m (1,627 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
  Total75,833
  Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German: Sankt-Galler(in)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
9000, 9008, 9010-9012, 9014-9016 St. Gallen (partly: 9037 Speicherschwendi, 9042 Speicher)
SFOS number3203
LocalitiesWolfganghof, Winkeln, Bruggen, Lachen, Rosenberg, Riethüsli, St. Georgen, Innenstadt, St. Jakob, Linsenbühl-Dreilinden, Rotmonten, Langgass-Heiligkreuz, St. Fiden, Notkersegg, Neudorf, Achslen, Guggeien
Surrounded byEggersriet, Gaiserwald, Gossau, Herisau (AR), Mörschwil, Speicher (AR), Stein (AR), Teufen (AR), Untereggen, Wittenbach
Twin townsLiberec (Czech Republic)
Websitewww.stadt.sg.ch
SFSO statistics

The main tourist attraction is the Abbey of Saint Gall, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Abbey's renowned library contains books from the 9th century. The official language of St. Gallen is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. The city has good transport links to the rest of the country and to neighbouring Germany and Austria. It also functions as the gate to the Appenzellerland.


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