St Andrew Square, Edinburgh

St Andrew Square is a garden square in Edinburgh, Scotland located at the east end of George Street. The gardens, part of the collection of New Town Gardens, are owned by a number of private owners, managed by Essential Edinburgh and opened to the public in 2008.[1] The construction of St Andrew Square began in 1772,[2] as the first part of the New Town, designed by James Craig. Within six years of its completion St Andrew Square became one of the most desirable and most fashionable residential areas in the city.[2] As the 19th century came to a close, St Andrew Square evolved into the commercial centre of the city.

St Andrew Square
View west over the square
TypePublic square
Maintained byEssential Edinburgh
LocationEdinburgh, Scotland, UK
Coordinates55°57′15″N 3°11′35″W
Royal Bank of Scotland head office, formerly the home of Sir Lawrence Dundas

Most of the square used to be made up of major offices of banks and insurance companies, making it one of the major financial centres in Scotland. At one time, St Andrew Square could claim to be the richest area of its size in the whole of Scotland.[3] It now also has shops, including the department store Harvey Nichols, the Edinburgh Grand Hotel and apartments, and a series of London chain restaurants and bars on its south side, such as Hawksmoor, Drake & Morgan, Dishoom and The Ivy.