St Andrew's House


St. Andrew's House (SAH), on the southern flank of Calton Hill, Edinburgh, is the headquarters building of the Scottish Government.[1] The building stands on the site of the former Calton Jail.[2] Today, the turreted Governor's House is all that remains of the former prison, next to the Old Calton Burial Ground and Political Martyrs' Monument.

St. Andrew's House
Taigh Naoimh Anndra
The front elevation of St Andrew's House
General information
StatusComplete
TypeGovernment office
Architectural styleArt Deco
Address2 Regent Road
EH1 3DG
Town or cityEdinburgh
CountryScotland
Coordinates55°57′12.15″N 3°11′2.75″W
Current tenantsScottish Government
Construction started1935
OpenedSeptember 1939; 81 years ago (1939-09)
Renovated2001
Cost£433,200
OwnerScottish Government
Technical details
MaterialSteel with retaining walls built in reinforced concrete and faced with Darney stone
Floor countEight
Design and construction
ArchitectThomas S. Tait
Architecture firmBurnet, Tait & Lorne
DeveloperScottish Office
Other designersSir William Reid Dick, Alexander Carrick, Phyllis Bone, Walter Gilbert Thomas Hadden
Other information
Public transit access St Andrew Square
Edinburgh Waverley
Listed Building – Category A
Official nameRegent Road, St Andrew's House including boundary wall, lamp standards and gates
Designated14 December 1970
Reference no.LB27756
References
Dictionary of Scottish Architects

The large Category A listed Art Deco-influenced building looks out over Waverley Station, the Canongate and Holyrood Park.

Construction


The Old Calton Jail

The building was designed by Thomas S. Tait of Burnet, Tait and Lorne, architects, who won the architectural competition to gain the commission. Construction began in November 1935 and was completed in 1939; the building initially housed the Scottish Office, including the offices of the Secretary of State for Scotland. The heraldic sculpture on the front is by John Marshall.[3]

The requirement for the building arose as a result of a post World War I policy of limited transfer of devolved administrative (but not legislative) power to Scotland from London. The building opened to staff on Monday 4 September 1939 (the day after War was declared). An official Royal opening ceremony timed to take place on 12 October 1939 was "cancelled due to War" (Britain's first air raid of the war took place only four days later over the Forth Bridge). Instead, it was officially opened by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on 26 February 1940.

Architecture


The north facade of St Andrew's House, from Nelson's Monument.

Architecturally, the building is monolithic, symmetrical and restrained on the main north facade. To the south, facing the Waverley valley, it is much more irregular and romantic in expression. There are many Art Deco influences.

Tait's design incorporates elements of Art Deco and Streamline Moderne and is noted for being a rare example of sensitively designed modern architecture in Edinburgh.[4]

The building features a number of sculpted decorations, also in the Art Deco style, which are credited to several sculptors: Sir William Reid Dick designed symbolic figures; heraldic devices are the work of Alexander Carrick and Phyllis Bone; the large bronze doors were designed by Walter Gilbert and executed by H.H. Martyn; and the secondary doors and stairs are by Thomas Hadden.[5]

St Andrew's House is designated a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland.

Governmental use


Architectural plan of St Andrew's House

St. Andrew's House was originally designed and built as the official headquarters of the Scottish Office. Following the passing of the Scotland Act 1998, since 1999 St. Andrew's House now accommodates part of the Scottish Government, including the office of the First Minister of Scotland and Deputy First Minister of Scotland along with the Private Offices of all the Cabinet Secretaries and the Directorates dealing with justice and health. The building underwent a major refurbishment in 2001, although the facade is still coated in a sooty residue. It now accommodates 1,400 civil servants and has eight floors.[6]

Main entrance to St. Andrew's House


References


  1. "St Andrew's House". Scottish Government. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  2. "Locations - St Andrew's House - Calton jail". Scottish Government. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  3. Webmaster, Tim Gardner -. "John Marshall (1888-1952), sculptor, a biography". www.glasgowsculpture.com.
  4. Glancey, Jonathan (1998). C20th Architecture: The Structures that Shaped the Century. Carlton Books. ISBN 0-87951-912-6.
  5. "Scottish Office buildings". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
  6. "REGENT ROAD, ST ANDREW'S HOUSE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALL, LAMP STANDARDS AND GATES (LB27756)". portal.historicenvironment.scot. Retrieved 11 January 2021. Central 8-storey, 9-bay block with flanking 6-storey stair towers and 3-storey and recessed-attic wings.