State Duma

The State Duma (Russian: Госуда́рственная ду́ма, tr. Gosudárstvennaya dúma), commonly abbreviated in Russian as Gosduma (Russian: Госду́ма), is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia, while the upper house is the Council of the Federation. The Duma headquarters are located in central Moscow, a few steps from Manege Square. Its members are referred to as deputies. The State Duma replaced the Supreme Soviet as a result of the new constitution introduced by Boris Yeltsin in the aftermath of the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993, and approved by the Russian people in a referendum.

State Duma

Государственная дума (Russian)

Gosudarstvennaya duma
7th State Duma
Established12 December 1993
Preceded bySoviet of the Union (1991)
Soviet of the Republic (1993)
Vyacheslav Volodin, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
Alexander Zhukov, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
Ivan Melnikov, Communist Party
since 5 October 2016
Political groups
Government (336)
  •   United Russia (336)

Other parties (108)

Vacant (6)

  •   Vacant (6)[1]
Length of term
5 years
Parallel voting: 225 FPTP seats, 225 PR seats with 5% electoral threshold (Largest remainder method)[2]
Last election
17–19 September 2021
Next election
Meeting place
State Duma Building
1 Okhotny Ryad Street, Moscow

In the 2007 and 2011 Russian legislative elections a full party-list proportional representation with 7% electoral threshold system was used, but this was subsequently repealed. The legislature's term length was initially 2 years in the 1993–1995 elections period, and 4 years in 1999–2007 elections period; since the 2011 elections the term length is 5 years.