State Duma

The State Duma (Russian: Госуда́рственная ду́ма, tr. Gosudárstvennaya dúma), commonly abbreviated in Russian as Gosduma (Russian: Госду́ма), is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia, while the upper house is the Council of the Federation. The Duma headquarters are located in central Moscow, a few steps from Manege Square. Its members are referred to as deputies. The State Duma replaced the Supreme Soviet as a result of the new constitution introduced by Boris Yeltsin in the aftermath of the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993, and approved by the Russian people in a referendum.

State Duma

Государственная дума (Russian)

Gosudarstvennaya duma
7th State Duma
Type
Type
History
Established12 December 1993
Preceded bySoviet of the Union (1991)
Soviet of the Republic (1993)
Leadership
Vyacheslav Volodin, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
Alexander Zhukov, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
Ivan Melnikov, Communist Party
since 5 October 2016
Structure
Seats450
Political groups
Government (336)
  •   United Russia (336)

Other parties (108)

Vacant (6)

  •   Vacant (6)[1]
Length of term
5 years
Elections
Parallel voting: 225 FPTP seats, 225 PR seats with 5% electoral threshold (Largest remainder method)[2]
Last election
17–19 September 2021
Next election
2026
Meeting place
State Duma Building
1 Okhotny Ryad Street, Moscow
Website
www.duma.gov.ru

In the 2007 and 2011 Russian legislative elections a full party-list proportional representation with 7% electoral threshold system was used, but this was subsequently repealed. The legislature's term length was initially 2 years in the 1993–1995 elections period, and 4 years in 1999–2007 elections period; since the 2011 elections the term length is 5 years.