|• Total||447 sq mi (1,158 km2)|
|Ranked 21st of 34|
It borders Perthshire to the north, Clackmannanshire and West Lothian to the east, Lanarkshire to the south, and Dunbartonshire to the south-east and south-west (this latter boundary is split in two owing to Dunbartonshire's Cumbernauld exclave).
Coat of arms
The design of the arms commemorated the Scottish victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in the county.
Around this were placed two caltraps and two spur-rowels recalling the use of the weapons against the English cavalry.
On the abolition of the Local Government council in 1975, the arms were regranted to the Local Government Stirling District Council.
They were regranted a second time in 1996 to the present Local Government Stirling Council, with the addition of supporters (a goshawk and a wolf).
On 11 September 1297, the forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling, on the River Forth, at the Battle of Stirling Bridge during the First War of Scottish Independence.
On 24 June 1314 the Battle of Bannockburn at Bannockburn, (Blàr Allt a' Bhonnaich in Scottish Gaelic) was a significant Scottish victory in the Wars of Scottish Independence. It was one of the decisive battles of the First War of Scottish Independence.
On 11 June 1488 the Battle of Sauchieburn was fought at the side of Sauchie Burn, a stream about two miles south of Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland. The battle was fought between the followers of King James III of Scotland and a large group of rebellious Scottish nobles including Alexander Home, 1st Lord Home, nominally led by the king's 15-year-old son, Prince James, Duke of Rothesay (reigned 1488–1513).
In 1645 the Covenanter army under General William Baillie formed near Banton for their engagement with the Royalist forces under the command of Montrose at the Battle of Kilsyth, Kilsyth, on 15 August 1645; a major battle of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
The western 'arm' of The county is sparsely populated and dominated by Loch Lomond, which it shares with Dunbartonshire, and the Trossachs (now a national park); Ben Lomond is located here and is the highest point in Stirlingshire at 974 m (3,196 ft), and 9th in Scotland. Several island's within Loch Lomond belong to Stirlingshire, the chief of these being Eilean nan Deargannan, Bucinch, Ceardach, Inchcruin, Inchfad, Ellanderroch, Inchcailloch and Clairinsh. On the north-eastern boundary with Perthshire a small portion of Loch Katrine lies within Stirlingshire, and also the smaller Loch Arklet can be found here.
Central Stirlingshire is dominated by the Carron Valley Reservoir and the Campsie Fells, Kilsyth Hills and Gargunnock Hills, with the larger towns such as Lennoxtown and Kilsyth spread out along the southern border and A891/A803 roads. The south-western corner of the county around Milngavie abuts the Greater Glasgow conurbation and contains several small reservoirs and lochs, such as Burncrooks Reservoir, Kilmannan Reservoir, Carbeth Loch, Craigallian Loch, Dumbrock Loch, Mugdock Loch, Mugdock/Craigmaddie Reservoir and Bardowie Loch.
The bulk of Stirlingshire's motorway network lies in the eastern third of the county where the population is most concentrated; these include the M80 running north–south and connecting Stirling and Denny to Cumbernauld, and the M9 linking the eastern towns to Edinburgh. Various A roads form a circle around central Strirlingshire, with the rest of the county served by B roads.
Various ferries enable one to cross Loch Lomond in the far west, and the Kincardine Bridge in the far east provides access to Fife and Clackmannanshire.
Only the eastern third of the county is connected by rail, with the exception of Milngavie railway station in the far south-west which provides access to Glasgow. The rail lines connect the towns of the eastern conurbation to each other and on to Edinburgh, Glasgow, Cumbernauld and Perth.
Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have been largely unchanged since the 19th century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time.
Following the boundary changes caused by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, Stirlingshire contained the following civil parishes:
- Airth (No.1 on Map A)
- Baldernock (2)
- Balfron (3)
- Bothkennar, Barony of Newton (4)
- Buchanan (5)
- Campsie (6)
- Denny (7)
- Drymen (8)
- Dunipace (9)
- Falkirk (10)
- Fintry (11)
- Gargunnock (12)
- Killearn (13)
- Kilsyth (14)
- Kippen (15)
- Larbert (16)
- Logie (23)
- Muiravonside (refer Maddiston) (17)
- Polmont (18)
- St. Ninians (19)
- Slamannan (20)
- Strathblane (21)
- Stirling (22)
- The Royal Burgh of Stirling (from the 12th century) (No. 2 on map)
- The Burgh of Bridge of Allan (a police burgh from 1870) (1)
- The Burgh of Denny and Dunipace (a police burgh from 1877) (4)
- The Burgh of Falkirk (a burgh of barony from 1600, reformed 1832) (5)
- The Burgh of Grangemouth (a police burgh from 1877) (6)
- The Burgh of Kilsyth (a burgh of barony from 1620, a police burgh from 1878) (3)
In 1930 Falkirk and Stirling became large burghs, taking over some of the duties of the county council. The remaining four burghs became "small burghs", with limited powers.
Towns and villages
- Airth see Civil Parish
- Bothkennar Barony of Newton see Civil Parish
- Bridge of Allan see Civil Parish
- Buchlyvie Burgh of Barony. 1672
- Callendar Park
- Clachan of Campsie
- Denny see Civil Parish
- Drip Bridge
- Drymen see Civil Parish
- Falkirk see Civil Parish
- Fintry see Civil Parish
- Gargunnock see Civil Parish
- Glen Village
- High Bonnybridge
- Killearn see Civil Parish
- Kilsyth see Civil Parish
- Kippen see Civil Parish
- Larbert see Civil Parish
- Loch Katrine
- Logie see Civil Parish
- Old Plean
- Old Sauchie
- Polmont see Civil Parish
- Slamannan see Civil Parish
- South Alloa
- Stirling see Civil Parish
- St Ninians see Civil Parish
- Strathblane see Civil Parish
- Whins of Milton
- Strathblane in south-west Stirlingshire
- Milngavie, on the northern fringes of Glasgow
- Bridge of Allen in north-east Stirlingshire
- Stirling, the county town
- Falkirk town centre
Until the 1890s the county had two small exclaves: part of the parish of Logie, which was surrounded by Perthshire, and the parish of Alva, locally in Clackmannanshire. The Perthshire part of Logie was added to Stirlingshire, while Alva was annexed by Clackmannanshire. In 1894 parish Local Government councils were established for the civil parishes, replacing the previous parochial boards.
The Local Government parish councils were in turn superseded by Local Government district councils in 1930.
In 1930 the parishes ceased to be used for local government purposes, and the landward area of the county (the part outside the burghs) was divided into eight Local Government districts. These Local Government districts were abolished in 1975.
- County of Stirling Central No.1
- County of Stirling Central No.2 (Denny, Dunipace and Kilsyth areas)
- County of Stirling Eastern No.1 (parishes of Airth and Larbert)
- County of Stirling Eastern No.2 (Falkirk and Slamannan)
- County of Stirling Eastern No.3 (parishes of Polmont and Muiravonside)
- County of Stirling Western No.1
- County of Stirling Western No.2
- County of Stirling Western No.3 (Baldernock, Campsie, Strathblane)
In the 1973 reorganisation of local government in Scotland, most of Stirlingshire was included in the Central Region, with Kilsyth and surrounding area becoming part of the Strathclyde Region.
Since a further reorganisation in 1996, the area has been part of the Local Government council areas of :
- Stirling (note that this polity has drastically different boundaries to historic Stirlingshire)
- East Dunbartonshire
- North Lanarkshire
- The Royal Burgh of Stirling formed part of the Stirling burghs constituency along with burghs in Fife and Perthshire.
- The Burgh of Falkirk formed part of Falkirk Burghs, along with burghs in Lanarkshire and Linlithgowshire.
- The remainder of the county returned a single member as the parliamentary county of Stirlingshire. The detached parish of Alva was annexed to the constituency of Clackmannanshire and Kinross by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832.
In 1918 seats in the House of Commons were redistributed. Stirlingshire was thereafter represented by three members of parliament.
- The burghs of Stirling, Falkirk and Grangemouth formed the Stirling and Falkirk burghs constituency. in 1974 the constituency was renamed Stirling, Falkirk and Grangemouth.
- The eastern part of the county (defined in 1948 and 1970 as the Eastern No. 1, Eastern No. 2 and Eastern No. 3 Districts) was combined with Clackmannanshire to form Clackmannan and East Stirlingshire.
- The remainder of the county was included in the constituency of West Stirlingshire (named Stirling and Clackmannan West until 1945). The area included in the constituency was defined in 1948 and 1970 as the burghs of Bridge of Allan, Denny and Dunipace and Kilsyth; and the Central No. 1, Central No. 2, Western No. 1, Western No. 2 and Western No. 3 districts.
These boundaries continued in use until 1983, when new constituencies were formed based on the Local Government regions and districts created in 1975.
List of listed buildings
- Registers of Scotland. Publications, leaflets, Land Register Counties. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- map.http://maps.nls.uk/atlas/thomson/view/?rsid=74400119&sid=74400119&mid=453 http://maps.nls.uk/atlas/thomson/view/?rsid=74401093&sid=74401093&mid=880
- R.M. Urquhart, Scottish Burgh and County Heraldry, London, 1973
- map of Battle area at: http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/sauchieburn-full.pdf
- From "The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland". Vol.II. by Rev. John Marius Wilson. https://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee02wilsuoft#page/n815/mode/1up
- "2001 Census - Geography Classifications" (PDF). gro-scotland.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- http://www.falkirklocalhistorysociety.co.uk/home/index.php?id=67 [dead link]
- "Stirlingshire, West Lothian and Central Region Finding Aid (Falkirk Council)" (PDF). falkirk.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970 No. 1680)
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