Stockholm County


Stockholm County (Swedish: Stockholms län) is a county or län (in Swedish) on the Baltic Sea coast of Sweden. It borders Uppsala County and Södermanland County. It also borders Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. The city of Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. Stockholm County is divided by the historic provinces of Uppland (Roslagen) and Södermanland (Södertörn). More than one fifth of the Swedish population lives in the county. Stockholm County is also one of the statistical riksområden (national areas) according to NUTS:SE, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics within the EU. With more than two million inhabitants, Stockholm is the most densely populated county of Sweden.

Stockholm County

Stockholms län
Flag
Coat of arms
Stockholm County in Sweden
Location map of Stockholm County in Sweden
Coordinates: 59°20′0″N 18°10′0″E
CountrySweden
Formed1714
CapitalStockholm
Municipalities
Government
  GovernorSven-Erik Österberg (S)
  CouncilStockholm County Council
Area
  Total6,519.3 km2 (2,517.1 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)[1]
  Total2,377,081
  Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE-AB
Nominal GDP (2016)[2]US$170 billion
Nominal GDP per capita (2016)US$75,000
HDI (2018)0. 962[3]
very high
NUTS RegionSE110
Websitewww.lansstyrelsen.se

History


Stockholm County was established in 1714. The City of Stockholm then constituted its own administrative entity under the Governor of Stockholm and was not part of Stockholm County. Though outside Stockholm County, the City of Stockholm was its seat.

On 1 January 1968, Stockholm County was united with the City of Stockholm. At the same time, the borders were redrawn in other directions too; Upplands-Bro Municipality was transferred from Uppsala County and a large part of the modern day Östhammar Municipality was transferred to Uppsala County.

Economy


The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 145.6 billion € in 2018, accounting for 30.9% of Swedish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 49,500 € or 164% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 132% of the EU average.[4]

Heraldry


Arms granted in 1968. The arms for the County of Stockholm is a combination of the arms of Uppland, Södermanland and the City of Stockholm. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.

Municipalities


The county of Stockholm comprises 26 political municipalities (kommuner):

municipality pop. (2018)[5] area/km2[6]
Botkyrka 93,106 194
Danderyd 33,187 26
Ekerö 28,308 217
Haninge 89,989 458
Huddinge 111,722 131
Järfälla 78,480 54
Lidingö 47,818 31
Nacka 103,656 95
Norrtälje 61,769 2015
Nykvarn 10,923 153
Nynäshamn 28,290 359
Salem 16,786 54
Sigtuna 48,130 328
Sollentuna 72,528 53
Solna 80,950 19
Stockholm 962,154 187
Sundbyberg 50,564 9
Södertälje 97,381 525
Tyresö 48,004 69
Täby 71,397 61
Upplands-Bro 28,756 235
Upplands Väsby 45,543 75
Vallentuna 33,432 358
Vaxholm 12,023 58
Värmdö 44,397 448
Österåker 44,831 312

Localities by population (2017)


The largest 30 built-up places (tätorter) in the county are shown below.[7] These refer to contiguous settlements and may straddle municipal (and occasionally county) boundaries.

PosLocalityPopulation
1Stockholm1,562,136
2Upplands Väsby and Sollentuna [sv]143,582
3Södertälje72,704
4Lidingö43,318
5Tumba41,599
6Åkersberga33,944
7Vallentuna32,394
8Märsta28,445
9Gustavsberg22,513
10Norrtälje20,322
11Västerhaninge17,429
12Nynäshamn14,792
13Ekerö11,524
14Jordbro10,923
15Kungsängen10,801
16Saltsjöbaden9,521
17Sigtuna9,312
18Bro8,635
19Fisksätra8,255
20Järna6,219
21Vaxholm5,023
22Hallstavik4,645
23Brunna3,953
24Ösmo3,947
25Stenhamra3,624
26Resarö3,300
27Sticklinge udde3,050
28Vårsta2,502
29Norra Riksten2,472
30Svinninge2,384

Demographics


Foreign background

SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves.[8] The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.

Location 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2019
Botkyrka 47.0 49.7 53.2 56.4 59.3 61.6
Danderyd 15.2 15.7 16.6 18.0 20.3 20.5
Ekerö 10.3 11.2 11.9 13.4 16.4 17.2
Haninge 24.4 26.2 29.3 32.3 36.2 37.3
Huddinge 28.1 30.9 34.0 37.2 40.7 41.3
Järfälla 25.4 27.9 32.1 36.4 42.5 44.0
Lidingö 15.6 16.3 17.9 19.4 21.9 22.3
Nacka 21.2 21.6 22.7 23.7 25.9 25.9
Norrtälje 10.4 11.0 12.1 13.3 15.9 16.4
Nykvarn 15.2 15.0 15.1 16.0 17.5 17.9
Nynäshamn 13.0 13.7 16.3 18.8 22.5 23.4
Salem 17.8 18.8 20.8 23.9 28.7 29.7
Sigtuna 26.4 27.6 31.8 37.9 44.9 46.2
Sollentuna 21.3 23.0 25.9 29.3 33.5 34.7
Solna 26.0 27.8 31.8 35.0 39.5 40.4
Stockholm 25.1 27.0 29.2 31.1 33.4 33.8
Sundbyberg 25.2 29.7 34.4 37.9 41.8 42.9
Södertälje 34.8 38.3 44.0 49.6 54.3 55.6
Tyresö 17.9 18.1 19.3 20.2 22.5 23.0
Täby 16.2 17.0 18.2 19.9 22.8 23.3
Upplands-Bro 23.6 25.1 28.3 31.1 37.1 39.0
Upplands Väsby 27.1 28.8 31.4 35.0 40.8 42.5
Vallentuna 13.3 13.9 14.7 16.1 18.6 19.7
Vaxholm 10.8 10.8 11.5 12.7 13.9 13.9
Värmdö 13.8 13.0 14.2 15.2 17.5 17.8
Österåker 14.3 14.3 15.5 17.5 20.7 21.1
Total 24.0 25.6 28.2 30.7 33.8 34.5
Source: SCB [8]

County Administrative Board


Prior to 1968 the County of Stockholm did not include the City of Stockholm. The City was instead under the Office of the Governor of Stockholm, and the County included the surrounding countryside. The County had its separate Governor of Stockholm County.

The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfill the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a governor.

See List of Stockholm Governors.

County officials
Governor Chris Heister 1 February 2012
Deputy Governor Bo Hansson 1 January 2002
Commissioner of Finance Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd 12 February 2008
Region police chief Mats Löfving[9]
President of the County Council Inger Linge 7 November 2006

County council


The local administration of the county is under Stockholm County Council (Stockholms läns landsting). Its main responsibilities are for the public healthcare system and public transport.

The county council has 149 members elected by proportional representation through elections held in conjunction with the general elections every four years. The county council itself elects the county's executive committee.

The president of the committee also holds the title Commissioner of Finance. The current commissioner is Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd, of the Moderate Party. The members of the executive committee (landstingsstyrelsen) represent both the political majority and the opposition, with responsibility for implementing policies approved by the county council.

Elections

Stockholm County contains two multi-seat constituencies for county council elections. Stockholm Municipality makes up the first constituency while the second makes up the rest of the county.

Council elections 2002-2018
Year Moderate Party Christian Democrats Centre Party Liberals Green Party Social Democratic Party Left Party Sweden Democrats others
Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats Votes%Seats
2002 259 597 23,8 37 75 928 6,9 11 24 161 2,2 0 180 043 16,5 26 50 469 4,6 7 374 690 34,3 54 100 306 9,2 14 8 508 0,6 0 16 464 1,7 0
2006 407 322 35,7 55 68 025 6,0 6 45 082 4,0 6 116 564 10,2 16 74 837 6,6 10 312 486 27,4 43 75 231 6,6 10 18 592 1,6 0 22 964 2,0 0
2010 460 871 36,7 57 59 273 4,7 7 47 956 3,8 6 116 858 9,3 15 121 660 9,7 15 321 268 25,6 39 77 578 6,2 10 35 496 2,8 0 13 884 1,1 0
2014 381 667 28,6 43 75 529 5,6 9 58 906 4,4 7 111 676 8,2 13 135 992 10,0 15 358 324 26,4 41 104 479 7,7 12 79 452 5,9 9 49 587 2,7 0
2018 321 783 22,3 34 111 877 7,7 12 115 78 8,0 12 115 746 8,0 12 81 404 5,6 7 379 008 26,2 40 152 784 10,6 16 140 773 9,7 15 25 627 1,8 0

Hospitals

The county council operates most of the hospitals in the county, some of the major facilities are:

Public transport

The county council is responsible for the public transport in Stockholm. The main organizers of the transportation system are two publicly owned companies. Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, SL, handles the bus, tram and train services while the boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget. The operation and maintenance of the public transport systems is delegated by the companies to several contractors.

The county is also responsible for paratransit services and Närtrafiken, a number of share taxi routes.

Culture and education

Besides the health and transportation services, the county council operates Stockholm County Museum, and two agricultural high schools at Berga and Säbyholm.

See also


References and notes