Stockholm County (Swedish: Stockholms län) is a county or län (in Swedish) on the Baltic Sea coast of Sweden. It borders Uppsala County and Södermanland County. It also borders Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. The city of Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. Stockholm County is divided by the historic provinces of Uppland (Roslagen) and Södermanland (Södertörn). More than one fifth of the Swedish population lives in the county. Stockholm County is also one of the statistical riksområden (national areas) according to NUTS:SE, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics within the EU. With more than two million inhabitants, Stockholm is the most densely populated county of Sweden.
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Stockholm County in Sweden
Location map of Stockholm County in Sweden
|• Governor||Sven-Erik Österberg (S)|
|• Council||Stockholm County Council|
|• Total||6,519.3 km2 (2,517.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||360/km2 (940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SE-AB|
|Nominal GDP (2016)||US$170 billion|
|Nominal GDP per capita (2016)||US$75,000|
|– HDI (2018)||0. 962|
Stockholm County was established in 1714. The City of Stockholm then constituted its own administrative entity under the Governor of Stockholm and was not part of Stockholm County. Though outside Stockholm County, the City of Stockholm was its seat.
On 1 January 1968, Stockholm County was united with the City of Stockholm. At the same time, the borders were redrawn in other directions too; Upplands-Bro Municipality was transferred from Uppsala County and a large part of the modern day Östhammar Municipality was transferred to Uppsala County.
The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 145.6 billion € in 2018, accounting for 30.9% of Swedish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 49,500 € or 164% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 132% of the EU average.
Arms granted in 1968. The arms for the County of Stockholm is a combination of the arms of Uppland, Södermanland and the City of Stockholm. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.
The county of Stockholm comprises 26 political municipalities (kommuner):
Localities by population (2017)
The largest 30 built-up places (tätorter) in the county are shown below. These refer to contiguous settlements and may straddle municipal (and occasionally county) boundaries.
|2||Upplands Väsby and Sollentuna||143,582|
SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves. The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.
County Administrative Board
Prior to 1968 the County of Stockholm did not include the City of Stockholm. The City was instead under the Office of the Governor of Stockholm, and the County included the surrounding countryside. The County had its separate Governor of Stockholm County.
The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfill the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a governor.
|Governor||Chris Heister||1 February 2012|
|Deputy Governor||Bo Hansson||1 January 2002|
|Commissioner of Finance||Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd||12 February 2008|
|Region police chief||Mats Löfving|
|President of the County Council||Inger Linge||7 November 2006|
The county council has 149 members elected by proportional representation through elections held in conjunction with the general elections every four years. The county council itself elects the county's executive committee.
The president of the committee also holds the title Commissioner of Finance. The current[update] commissioner is Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd, of the Moderate Party. The members of the executive committee (landstingsstyrelsen) represent both the political majority and the opposition, with responsibility for implementing policies approved by the county council.
Stockholm County contains two multi-seat constituencies for county council elections. Stockholm Municipality makes up the first constituency while the second makes up the rest of the county.
Council elections 2002-2018
|Year||Moderate Party||Christian Democrats||Centre Party||Liberals||Green Party||Social Democratic Party||Left Party||Sweden Democrats||others|
|2002||259 597||23,8||37||75 928||6,9||11||24 161||2,2||0||180 043||16,5||26||50 469||4,6||7||374 690||34,3||54||100 306||9,2||14||8 508||0,6||0||16 464||1,7||0|
|2006||407 322||35,7||55||68 025||6,0||6||45 082||4,0||6||116 564||10,2||16||74 837||6,6||10||312 486||27,4||43||75 231||6,6||10||18 592||1,6||0||22 964||2,0||0|
|2010||460 871||36,7||57||59 273||4,7||7||47 956||3,8||6||116 858||9,3||15||121 660||9,7||15||321 268||25,6||39||77 578||6,2||10||35 496||2,8||0||13 884||1,1||0|
|2014||381 667||28,6||43||75 529||5,6||9||58 906||4,4||7||111 676||8,2||13||135 992||10,0||15||358 324||26,4||41||104 479||7,7||12||79 452||5,9||9||49 587||2,7||0|
|2018||321 783||22,3||34||111 877||7,7||12||115 78||8,0||12||115 746||8,0||12||81 404||5,6||7||379 008||26,2||40||152 784||10,6||16||140 773||9,7||15||25 627||1,8||0|
The county council operates most of the hospitals in the county, some of the major facilities are:
- Karolinska University Hospital. The hospital contains two major facilities; one in Solna and one in Huddinge (since the merger with Huddinge University Hospital in 2004).
- Danderyd Hospital
- Södertälje Hospital
- Norrtälje Hospital
- S:t Erik Ocular Clinic
The county council is responsible for the public transport in Stockholm. The main organizers of the transportation system are two publicly owned companies. Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, SL, handles the bus, tram and train services while the boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget. The operation and maintenance of the public transport systems is delegated by the companies to several contractors.
Culture and education
- Stockholm (National Area)
- List of metropolitan areas in Sweden
- Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries
- List of European regions by GDP
References and notes
- "Folkmängd efter region, civilstånd, ålder, kön och år". Statistics Sweden. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
- "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
- "Kommuner i siffror - Statistiska centralbyrån". Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Land and water area 1 January by region and type of area. Year 2012 - 2015-Statistikdatabasen". Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Localities 2015; population 2010-2017, area, overlap holiday home areas, coordinates" (XLSX). Statistics Sweden. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "PxWeb - välj variabler och värden" (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- Mats Löfving ny Regionpolischef at aftonbladet.se, 1 October 2020, accessed 6 October 2020 (in Swedish)