Strangling

Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.[1] Fatal strangling typically occurs in cases of violence, accidents, and is one of two main ways that hanging causes death (alongside breaking the victim's neck).

A cheetah strangling an impala, Timbavati Game Reserve, South Africa

Strangling does not have to be fatal; limited or interrupted strangling is practised in erotic asphyxia, in the choking game, and is an important technique in many combat sports and self-defense systems. Strangling can be divided into three general types according to the mechanism used:[2]

  • Hanging—Suspension from a cord wound around the neck
  • Ligature strangulation—Strangulation without suspension using some form of cord-like object called a garrote
  • Manual strangulation—Strangulation using the fingers or other extremity