Stratonice of Syria
|Queen consort of the Seleucid Empire|
|Coronation||300 BC at Rhosus, on the Pierian coast in Macedonia|
|Born||c. 317 BC|
|Died||September/October 254 BC (aged 62 or 63)|
|Spouse||Seleucus I Nicator (300–294 BC)|
Antiochus I Soter (294–261 BC)
Stratonice of Syria was the daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila, the daughter of Antipater. In 300 BC, at which time she could not have been more than seventeen years of age, her hand in marriage was sought by Seleucus, king of the Seleucid Empire. She was accompanied by her father Demetrius to Rhosus (on the Pierian coast in Macedonia) where the nuptials were celebrated. Notwithstanding the disparity of their ages, she appears to have lived in perfect harmony with the old king for some years. Seleucus and Stratonice had one child, a daughter Phila, when it was discovered that her stepson Antiochus was deeply enamoured of her.
In order to save the life of his son (which was supposedly endangered by the violence of his passion), Seleucus gave up Stratonice in marriage to him in 294 BC. At the same time Seleucus announced that Antiochus would be king of the eastern provinces. It is believed that the union, which produced five children, was a prosperous one. Antiochus named the city of Stratonikeia in Caria after Stratonice.
In Babylonian texts, she is referred to as 'Astartanikku', a transliteration of her Greek name that seems to have been designed in order to draw a parallel with the goddess Astarte. She is also given titles that were otherwise reserved for Babylonian goddesses.
By Seleucus I Nicator:
By Antiochus I Soter:
- Seleucus, who was executed for rebellion.
- Apama II, who married Magas of Cyrene and was mother of Berenice II of Egypt.
- Stratonice, who married her nephew/cousin Demetrius II Aetolicus (Phila's son by Antigonus II).
- Antiochus II Theos, who succeeded his father as king.
- Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Demetrius", 31, 32
- Plutarch, 38; Appian, The Foreign Wars, "The Syrian Wars", 59
- Strabo, Geography, xiv. 2; Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, s.v. "Stratoniceia"
- "Johannes Malalas - translation". www.attalus.org. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
- Del Monte, Giuseppe (1997). Testi della Babylonia ellenistica. p. 42.
- Sachs, A. J. & H. Hunger, Astronomical Diaries and Related Texts from Babylonia. I, no.-253 A1 10; A2 3
- Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Stratonice (3)", Boston, (1867)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Stratonice (3)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.