Kaynardzha Municipality


Kaynardzha Municipality (Bulgarian: Община Кайнарджа) is a municipality (obshtina) in Silistra Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located in the Danubian Plain, in the area of the South Dobrudzha geographical region, bounded on the north with Romania. The Danube river is about 25 km away to the north through the Romanian territory. The area is named after its administrative centre – the village of Kaynardzha.

Kaynardzha Municipality

Община Кайнарджа
Municipality
Kaynardzha Municipality within Bulgaria and Silistra Province.
Coordinates: 43°58′N 27°31′E
CountryBulgaria
Province (Oblast)Silistra
Admin. centre (Obshtinski tsentar)Kaynardzha
Area
  Total314.96 km2 (121.61 sq mi)
Population
 (December 2017) [2]
  Total5,099
  Density16/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The municipality embraces a territory of 314.96[1] km² with a population of 5,250 inhabitants, as of December 2009.[2]

The main road II-71 crosses the area from northwest to southeast, connecting the province centre of Silistra with the city of Dobrich.

Settlements


Kaynardzha Municipality includes the following 15 places all of them villages:

Town/Village Cyrillic Population[3][4][5]
(December 2009)
Population[6]
(December 2016)
Kaynardzha Кайнарджа 783 610
Davidovo Давидово 177 200
Dobrudzhanka Добруджанка 136 112
Golesh Голеш 1,370 1,533
Gospodinovo Господиново 40 n/a
Kamentsi Каменци 47 n/a
Kranovo Краново 173 89
Polkovnik Cholakovo Полковник Чолаково 217 245
Poprusanovo Попрусаново 41 n/a
Posev Посев 153 166
Svetoslav Светослав 133 96
Sredishte Средище 1,318 1,363
Strelkovo Стрелково 32 n/a
Voynovo Войново 180 127
Zarnik Зарник 450 496
Total 5,250 5,115

Demography


The following table shows the change of the population during the last four decades.

Kaynardzha Municipality
Year 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2007 2009 2011
Population 8,487 6,467 6,128 5,467 5,409 5,367 5,250 5,070
Sources: Census 2001,[7] Census 2011,[8] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,[9]

Demographic indicators

As of 2016, it is one of the few places in Bulgaria with a natural population growth: there were a total of 87 live births, while 66 people died.[10] The crude birth rate is 17.0‰, while the crude death rate is around 12.9‰. The municipality of Kaynardzha has a total fertility rate of 2.57 children per woman, which is much higher than the average for the country (1.54 children per woman).

PopulationLive birthsDeathsNatural growthBirth rate (‰)Death rate (‰)Natural growth rate (‰)
20006,1578499−1513.616.1−2.4
20015,485 89103−1416.218.8−2.6
20025,4277098−2812.918.1−5.2
20035,419 85102−1715.718.8−3.1
20045,3919992+718.417.1+1.3
20055,4097983−414.615.3−0.7
20065,401 9185+616.815.7+1.1
20075,367 7871+714.513.2+1.3
20085,3008772+1516.413.6+2.8
20095,250 8973+1617.013.9+3.0
20105,175 9280+1217.815.5+2.3
20115,059 8193−1216.018.4−2.4
20125,0818073+715.714.4+1.4
20135,1029568+2718.613.3+5.3
20145,096 7954+2515.510.6+4.9
20155,107 7161+1013.911.9+2.0
20165,115 8766+2117.012.9+4.1
20175,099 8085−515.716.7−1.0
20185,076 6163−212.012.4-0.4

Ethnic groups

Turks form the majority of the population of Kaynardzha Municipality. Bulgarians constitutie the largest minority, followed by a large Roma population.

Ethnic groups in Kaynardzha Municipality (2011 census)
Ethnic group Percentage
Bulgarians
30.1%
Turks
53.7%
Roma
15.5%
others and indefinable
0.7%

Religion

In 2011, about 67.8% of the total population declared to be Muslim. The municipality of Kaynardzha has the highest share of Shia people in Bulgaria: around 52% of the population declared to be Shia in the census of 2001.[11] About 27% of the population belong to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.

Population of Kaynardzha (municipality) by religion[12]
Muslims
67.8%
Orthodox
27.4%
No religion
2.3%
Protestants
0.1%
prefer not to answer
2.2%

Age structure

The municipality of Kaynardzha has a very young population compared to other places in Bulgaria.

Population pyramid 2016 (est.)
% Males Age Females %
n/d
 
85+
 
n/d
1.33
 
80–84
 
1.43
0.98
 
75–79
 
1.45
1.66
 
70–74
 
2.29
2.11
 
65–69
 
2.23
2.29
 
60–64
 
2.21
2.50
 
55–59
 
2.44
3.23
 
50–54
 
2.39
3.42
 
45–49
 
3.58
3.05
 
40–44
 
3.03
3.36
 
35–39
 
2.89
3.52
 
30–34
 
2.82
4.29
 
25–29
 
3.40
3.62
 
20–24
 
3.52
3.54
 
15–19
 
3.19
3.93
 
10–14
 
3.85
4.34
 
5–9
 
4.34
3.73
 
0–4
 
4.09

See also


References