Stroud (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||84,537 (2019 estimate) 79,135 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Stroud, Dursley and Stonehouse|
|Member of Parliament||Siobhan Baillie (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Stroud & Thornbury|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Stroud & Thornbury|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
Stroud was the only seat won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in the 2017 out of six covering its county. Drew's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains the Labour Party made at that year's snap general election. Stroud has been relative to others a very marginal seat since 1992 as well as a swing seat, as the winning candidate's majority has not exceeded 9.1% of the vote since the 19.2% majority won at that year's election. The seat has changed hands four times since then.
The seat's parliamentary borough forerunner was created by the First Reform Act for the 1832 general election. It elected two MPs using the bloc vote until transformed in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for that year's general election, the name being transferred to a single-seat county division which covered a wider zone.
This was abolished at the 1950 general election, chiefly replaced with a new seat, Stroud and Thornbury. That was in turn abolished at the 1955 general election, when the present entity was created. Since this recreation the seat has had boundary changes.
- Size of electorate
Voters locally are under-apportioned a large fraction of a seat, and so, representative – population having risen, and homes having increased in a planned way, since the 2001 United Kingdom Census from which seats are predominantly drawn. This can be illustrated in that 27,742 was the highest number of votes cast for any runner-up in 2019. This was locally a high, beyond three-quarters, turnout election. The voters for the runner-up were more than voted for the winner in 231 of the 535 English seats. In the same election, comparing across the UK, 12,713 votes won Kingston upon Hull East; 14,557 votes won Stoke-on-Trent Central; 6,531 votes won Na h-Eileanan an Iar; 11,705 won Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross; 12,959 won Ynys Môn and 15,149 won South Antrim.
1955–1974: The Urban Districts of Nailsworth and Stroud, the Rural Districts of Dursley, Stroud, and Tetbury, and part of the Rural District of Gloucester.
1974–1983: The Urban Districts of Nailsworth and Stroud, the Rural Districts of Dursley, Stroud, and Tetbury, and in the Rural District of Gloucester the parishes of Arlingham, Brookthorpe with Whaddon, Eastington, Elmore, Frampton on Severn, Fretherne with Saul, Frocester, Hardwicke, Harescombe, Haresfield, Longney, Moreton Valence, Quedgeley, Standish, Upton St Leonards, and Whitminster.
1983–1997: The District of Stroud wards of Berkeley, Bisley, Cainscross, Cam, Cambridge, Central, Chalford, Dursley, Eastington, Hinton, King's Stanley, Leonard Stanley, Minchinhampton, Nailsworth, Nibley, Painswick, Parklands, Randwick, Rodborough, Severn, Stonehouse, Thrupp, Trinity, Uley, Uplands, Vale, Whiteshill, Woodfield, and Wotton and Kingswood, and the District of Cotswold wards of Avening, Grumbold's Ash, and Tetbury.
1997–2010: All the wards of the District of Stroud except the Wotton and Kingswood ward.
2010–present: The District of Stroud wards of Amberley and Woodchester, Berkeley, Bisley, Cainscross, Cam East, Cam West, Central, Chalford, Coaley and Uley, Dursley, Eastington and Standish, Farmhill and Paganhill, Hardwicke, Nailsworth, Over Stroud, Painswick, Rodborough, Severn, Slade, Stonehouse, The Stanleys, Thrupp, Trinity, Uplands, Upton St Leonards, Vale, and Valley.
Stroud lies south of Gloucester, between the two larger Gloucestershire constituencies of The Cotswolds and Forest of Dean. Its east climbs the Cotswold Hills but Stroud is both smaller and more industrialised than east and west neighbours.
Most of the seat is rural or semi-rural with a notable middle belt that has a group of urbanised villages, including Caincross, Cam and Rodborough, with the main towns part of the West Country textile manufacturing heritage.
The major market towns include Stroud itself, Dursley in the south, and the smaller towns of Berkeley (which in fact has a smaller electorate than Chalford, but more facilities), Stonehouse and Nailsworth.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Stroud parliamentary borough
|1832||David Ricardo||Whig||William Henry Hyett||Whig|
|1833 by-election||George Poulett Scrope||Whig|
|1835||Charles Richard Fox||Whig|
|May 1835 by-election||Lord John Russell||Whig|
|1841||William Henry Stanton||Whig|
|1853 by-election||Edward Horsman||Whig|
|1867 by-election||Henry Winterbotham||Liberal|
|Jan. 1874 by-election||John Dorington||Conservative|
|1874||Walter John Stanton||Liberal|
|May 1874 by-election||John Dorington||Conservative||Alfred John Stanton||Liberal|
|July 1874 by-election||Henry Brand||Liberal|
|1875 by-election||Samuel Marling||Liberal|
|1880||Walter John Stanton||Liberal||Henry Brand||Liberal|
|1880||Parliamentary borough abolished. Name transferred to a new county division|
Stroud division of Gloucestershire
|1892||David Brynmor Jones||Liberal|
|1918||Sir Ashton Lister||Liberal|
|1924||Sir Frank Nelson||Unionist|
|1931 by-election||Walter Perkins||Conservative|
|1950||constituency abolished. See Stroud & Thornbury|
Stroud County Constituency
MPs since 1955
|1955||Sir Anthony Kershaw||Conservative|
|1997||David Drew||Labour Co-op|
|2017||David Drew||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||27,742||42.1||-4.9|
|Green||Molly Scott Cato||4,954||7.5||+5.3|
|Brexit Party||Desi Latimer||1,085||1.6||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+3.5|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||29,994||47.0||+9.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Max Wilkinson||2,053||3.2||−0.2|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.5|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||22,947||37.7||−0.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Adrian Walker-Smith||2,086||3.4||−12.0|
|Free Public Transport||David Michael||100||0.2||-|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||22,380||38.6||−1.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Dennis Andrewartha||8,955||15.4||+1.5|
|Conservative gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+2.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||22,527||39.6||−6.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Hirst||8,026||14.1||+3.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−4.3|
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||25,685||46.6||+3.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Janice Beasley||6,036||10.9||−4.5|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||David Drew||26,170||42.7||+13.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Hodgkinson||9,502||15.5||−6.1|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Myles P. Robinson||16,751||24.0||−7.3|
|Green||Sue M Atkinson||2,005||2.9||-|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|United Democratic Party||J.S. Churchill||241||0.4||−0.4|
|Powell Conservative||J.S. Churchill||470||0.8||N/A|
|Labour||R. Derek Wheatley||19,158||36.1||−4.0|
|Liberal||David M. Davies||6,799||12.8||−3.8|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||John V. Smith||8,397||16.6||−1.1|
|Labour||Dennis V. Hunt||18,889||38.2||+0.6|
|Liberal||Iain P. Crawford||8,747||17.7||+3.4|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Richard W. Evely||19,375||41.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Eric Barnett Ayliffe||4,489||9.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+14.1|
General Election 1939/40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Walter Perkins
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||F W Davies||11,039||28.6||−1.5|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||F. E. White||10,384||26.1||+0.9|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+16.8|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+13.0|
|Labour||Samuel Edward Walters||5,081||17.6||−22.5|
|Unionist gain from Liberal|
Elections 1832 to 1918
Elections in the 1910s
|Labour||Charles Wye Kendall||8,522||40.1||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected:
- Liberal: George Hardy
- Unionist: Cecil Edwin Fitch
|Conservative||Cecil Edwin Fitch||4,849||49.0||+0.6|
|Conservative||Arthur William Clifford||4,962||48.4||+4.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||William Burton Stewart||4,221||43.9||−4.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.1|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.5|
|Liberal||David Brynmor Jones||4,611||51.1||+5.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.3|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Walter John Stanton||3,911||45.8||−5.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.9|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Liberal||Walter John Stanton||3,098||26.5||+0.6|
|Turnout||5,856 (est)||91.8 (est)||+0.7|
Elections in the 1870s
- Caused by the previous by-election being declared void on petition.
|Conservative||James Thomas Stanton||2,613||49.2||+0.9|
- Caused by Dorington's election being declared void on petition, due to "bribery, treating, and undue influence".
|Liberal||Alfred John Stanton||2,722||25.3||−0.6|
|Turnout||5,389 (est)||90.7 (est)||−0.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+0.7|
- Caused by the election being declared void on petition on "account of treating, but the treating was not with knowledge of the candidates".
|Liberal||Walter John Stanton||2,798||25.9||−10.0|
|Turnout||5,411 (est)||91.1 (est)||+3.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+26.8|
- Caused by Winterbotham's death.
Elections in the 1860s
|Turnout||4,952 (est)||87.8 (est)||+16.0|
- Caused by Scrope's resignation.
|Turnout||973 (est)||71.8 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1850s
- Caused by the appointment of Horsman as Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
- Caused by Reynolds-Moreton's elevation to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl Ducie
|Turnout||949 (est)||71.4 (est)||+11.2|
Elections in the 1840s
|Whig||William Henry Stanton||563||44.0||+4.3|
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||541||42.3||+7.1|
|Radical||Marcus Mereweather Turner||176||13.8||N/A|
|Turnout||728 (est)||60.2 (est)||−14.6|
|Whig||William Henry Stanton||594||39.7||−0.9|
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||527||35.2||−6.4|
|Conservative||William Lascelles Wraxall||377||25.2||+7.5|
- J Symons, formerly Editor of the Stroud Free Press, was a candidate but withdrew before the election took place.
- The Gloucester Journal described him as "A Chartist of Nailsworth by name Chapman who has issued his address couched in flaming terms worthy of the Northern Star (goes on to comment that he was a small publican and tailor".
Elections in the 1830s
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||698||41.6||−7.5|
- Resignation of Fox
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||866||49.2||+22.8|
|Whig||Charles Richard Fox||708||40.2||N/A|
|Radical||Jelinger Cookson Symons||187||10.6||N/A|
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||Unopposed|
- Resignation of Ricardo
|Whig||William Henry Hyett||985||46.2|
|Whig||George Julius Poulett Scrope||562||26.4|
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Whig win (new seat)|
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