Sumerian language

Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 Emegir "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer. It is believed to be a language isolate and to have been spoken in ancient Mesopotamia (also known as the Fertile Crescent), in the area that is modern-day Iraq.

Sumerian
𒅴𒂠
Emegir
Native toSumer and Akkad
RegionMesopotamia (modern-day Iraq)
EraAttested from c. 3000 BC. Effectively extinct from about 2000–1800 BC; used as classical language until about 100 AD.
Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform
Language codes
ISO 639-2sux
ISO 639-3sux
Glottologsume1241
a list of gifts, Adab, 26th century BC
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Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language in the area around 2000 BC (the exact date is debated),[1] but Sumerian continued to be used as a sacred, ceremonial, literary and scientific language in Akkadian-speaking Mesopotamian states such as Assyria and Babylonia until the 1st century AD.[2][3] Thereafter it seems to have been forgotten until the 19th century, when Assyriologists began deciphering the cuneiform inscriptions and excavated tablets that had been left by its speakers.