Super cup


A Super cup is a competition, usually but not exclusively in association football, which often forms the ’curtain-raiser’ to a season. It is typically contested on a national level by two competition winners of the previous season: the knock-out cup winner and the league winner. There are also continental super cups, like the UEFA Super Cup in football, which puts together winners of the top- and second-tier UEFA competitions. Sometimes these are two-legged ties, with a match played at each side's stadium, but increasingly they are one-off fixtures at a neutral venue, such as a national stadium. Some Super Cups have even been staged in venues outside their home country, such as the Italian, French, Spanish, Mexican and Turkish games.

If the league champions are also the national cup winners, they may play the runners-up from one of the competitions.

Football


National super cups

The FA Community Shield is contested by the champions of the Premier League and FA Cup

The following nations have an active super cup competition:

AFC
CAF
CONCACAF
CONMEBOL
OFC
UEFA
Defunct super cups

Cross-border super cups

Continental super cups

Some continental football federations also have their own super cups:

Intercontinental super cups

Most of the continental football confederations have jointly held a competition pitting their champions against each other:

All of these competitions are now defunct and have been succeeded by the FIFA Club World Cup, which features the champions of all of the confederations, plus the champion of the host country. In 2017, FIFA retroactively recognised the winners of the European/South American Cup as world champions.[1]

A similar tournament was held at international level, the FIFA Confederations Cup. It was initially held on a biennial basis, every odd year, from 1993 until 2005 when it became quadrennial, the year before a World Cup in its host country. It featured the six continental champions, the World Cup winners and the host. The 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup was the 10th and last Confederations Cup before FIFA abolished it for an expanded Club World Cup.

Other tournaments like this have been held, including the Suruga Bank Championship (pitting the Copa Sudamericana and J.League Cup winners), the Copa de Oro (pitting all the most recent CONMEBOL competition winners), and the Copa Iberoamericana (pitting the Copa de Oro and Copa del Rey winners.

Basketball


National Supercups

Regional

Continental level

Water polo


National super cups

Continental super cups

Other sports


References


  1. "FIFA Council approves key organisational elements of the FIFA World Cup" (Press release). FIFA. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.