Supreme People's Procuratorate
The Supreme People's Procuratorate, also translated as the "Prosecutor General's Office" (Chinese: 最高人民检察院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín Jiǎncháyuàn), is the highest national agency responsible for legal prosecution and investigation in the People's Republic of China. Conceived initially in 1949 as the Supreme People's Prosecutor's Office, the agency was renamed the Supreme People's Procuratorate in 1954. The Procuratorate was abolished during the Cultural Revolution, before being re-instated in 1978. Between the 1990s to 2010s, the agency experienced a host of reforms pertaining to its selection of personnel, internal organisation and role in the management of corruption.
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Zuìgāo Rénmín Jiǎncháyuàn
|Formed||27 September 1954|
|Type||China's highest legal supervision agency|
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Parent agency||National People's Congress|
The primary role of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate is to ensure that all state agencies, officers, and citizens of the People's Republic of China abide by the law. The Procuratorate acts as a public prosecutor for criminal cases, conducting both the relevant investigations and prosecutions of such cases, as is typical of inquisitorial systems used in civil law jurisdictions. The agency also reviews the legal rulings of the local and special procuratorates, the lower people’s courts, and issues judicial interpretations. As of March 2018, the Procuratorate no longer leads the investigation and prosecution of corruption within the Chinese Communist Party, being superseded in this role by the National Supervisory Commission. The activities of the Procuratorate are overseen by the National People’s Congress.
The Supreme People’s Procuratorate is organised into ten specialised prosecutor’s offices, which operate under the direction of a Procuratorial Committee. Led by a Prosecutor-General, the Procuratorate is also composed of several Deputy Prosecutors-General and additional prosecutors. The Prosecutor-General is appointed by the National People’s Congress, which also elects the other members of the Supreme People's Procuratorate at the Prosecutor-General’s recommendation. The current Prosecutor-General of the People's Republic of China is Zhang Jun.