Surprize (1780 ship)

Surprize was a three-deck merchant vessel launched in 1780 that made five voyages as a packet ship under charter to the British East India Company (EIC). The fourth of which was subsequent to her participating in the notorious Second Fleet transporting convicts to Port Jackson (EIC). Her fifth voyage for the EIC was subsequent to her second voyage transporting convicts to Australia. In 1799 a French frigate captured her in the Bay of Bengal.

Justinian and Surprize standing into Sydney Bay, Norfolk Island, 23 August 1790; William Bradley
History
Great Britain
NameSurprize
OwnerCalvert & Co.
BuilderShoreham
Launched1780
Captured1799 in the Bay of Bengal
General characteristics [1]
Tons burthen394,[2] or 402[3][4] (bm)
Length
  • 107 ft 9 in (32.8 m) (overall)
  • 85 ft 8 in (26.1 m) (keel)
Beam29 ft 5 in (9.0 m)
Depth of hold13 ft 3 in (4.0 m)
Complement24[3]
Armament
  • 1794:20 × 6 & 4-pounder + 6 × swivel guns[3]
  • 1799: 20 x 6-pounder guns[4]