Swainsboro, Georgia


Swainsboro is a city in Emanuel County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 7,277.[5] The city is the county seat of Emanuel County.[6]

Swainsboro, Georgia
United States Courthouse in Swainsboro
Nickname(s): 
"Crossroads of the Great South"
Location in Emanuel County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°35′37″N 82°19′56″W
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyEmanuel
Government
  MayorCharles Schwabe
Area
  Total12.94 sq mi (33.52 km2)
  Land12.58 sq mi (32.58 km2)
  Water0.36 sq mi (0.94 km2)
Elevation
325 ft (99 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total7,277
  Estimate 
(2019)[2]
7,542
  Density599.57/sq mi (231.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30401
Area code(s)478
FIPS code13-74964[3]
GNIS feature ID0356574[4]
Websitecityofswainsboro.org

Geography


Swainsboro is located near the center of Emanuel County at 32°35'37" North, 82°19'56" West (32.593743, -82.332146).[7] U.S. Route 80 passes through the center of the city, and U.S. Route 1 bypasses it to the west. US 80 leads east 36 miles (58 km) to Statesboro and west 36 miles (58 km) to Dublin, while US 1 leads north 62 miles (100 km) to Augusta and south 106 miles (171 km) to Waycross. Interstate 16 is 14 miles (23 km) south of Swainsboro via US 1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.9 square miles (33.5 km2), of which 12.6 square miles (32.6 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 2.81%, is water.[5]

Demographics


Historical population
CensusPop.
1870108
188018672.2%
1890395112.4%
1900895126.6%
19101,31346.7%
19201,57820.2%
19302,44254.8%
19403,57546.4%
19504,30020.3%
19605,94338.2%
19707,32523.3%
19807,6023.8%
19907,361−3.2%
20006,943−5.7%
20107,2774.8%
2019 (est.)7,542[2]3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 6,943 people, 2,685 households, and 1,836 families residing in the city. The population density was 560.5 people per square mile (216.4/km2). There were 3,051 housing units at an average density of 246.3 per square mile (95.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.06% White, 49.68% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,685 households, out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 25.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,268, and the median income for a family was $26,789. Males had a median income of $26,193 versus $17,425 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,617. 32.1% of the population and 28.8% of families were below the poverty line. 45.7% of those under the age of 18 and 28.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

History


In 1822, the Georgia state legislature established "Swainsborough" as the seat of Emanuel County. The town was named in recognition of Stephen Swain, the state senator who introduced the bill for the county's creation in 1812. The town's name was changed to "Paris" at its incorporation on February 18, 1854, but three years later reverted to its current name, Swainsboro.[9]

Transportation

Early in its corporate life, much like other rural Georgia towns, Swainsboro depended on railroads for transportation. However, in the 1930s, many of the town's streets and sidewalks were paved, and Swainsboro found itself at the intersection of two major national highways, U.S. 1 and U.S. 80, thus earning its city motto: "Crossroads of the Great South". U.S. 1 was the principal highway from Maine to Key West, and U.S. 80, at that time, ran from Tybee Island, Georgia, to San Diego.[10]

Education


Emanuel County School District

The Emanuel County School District, run by the Emanuel County Board of Education, holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of three elementary schools, a middle school, a high school, and two academies.[11] The district has 293 full-time teachers and over 4,664 students.[12]

  • Adrian School of Performing Arts
  • Swainsboro Elementary School
  • Swainsboro Primary School
  • Twin City Elementary School
  • Swainsboro Middle School
  • Emanuel County Institute
  • Swainsboro High School

Higher education

Notable people


  • Ray Guy, NFL Hall of Famer, retired punter, three-time Super Bowl champion
  • Dwight Howard, NBA Player (born in Swainsboro, raised in Atlanta)
  • Rufus Hannah, aka "Rufus the Stunt Bum", born and raised in Swainsboro, famous for his role in the controversial Bumfights series
  • Doug Johnson, record producer, songwriter, record label executive, born in Swainsboro; writer of Randy Travis's "Three Wooden Crosses", which won the Academy of Country Music and Country Music Association Song of the Year award
  • Tony Mitchell, professional basketball player for the Fort Wayne Mad Ants, former Milwaukee Bucks player
  • Ben Troupe, born in Swainsboro, played high school football in Augusta, former University of Florida football standout
  • Larry Jon Wilson, singer-songwriter, born in Swainsboro

References


  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Swainsboro city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. New Georgia Encyclopedia: Emanuel County
  10. History of Swainsboro
  11. Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  12. School Stats, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  13. East Georgia College, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  14. Southeastern Technical College, Retrieved June 8, 2010.