Swan River Colony

The Swan River Colony, also known as the Swan River Settlement,[1][2] or just Swan River, was a British colony established in 1829 on the Swan River, in Western Australia. This initial settlement place on the Swan River was soon named Perth, and it became the capital city of Western Australia.

Swan River Colony
1829–1833
History 
 Established
1829
 Disestablished
1833
Succeeded by
Colony of Western Australia
Today part of Australia

The name was a pars pro toto for Western Australia. On 6 February 1832 the colony was renamed the Colony of Western Australia,[3][4] when the colony's founding lieutenant-governor, Captain James Stirling, belatedly received his commission. However, the name "Swan River Colony" remained in informal use for many years afterwards.