Swansea

Swansea (/ˈswɒnzi/; Welsh: Abertawe [abɛrˈtawɛ]) is a coastal city and county in Wales. Officially known as the City and County of Swansea. (Welsh: Dinas a Sir Abertawe)[2] Swansea, which includes Swansea Bay (Welsh: Bae Abertawe) and the Gower Peninsula, is on the southwest coast of Wales and within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan and the ancient Welsh commote of Gŵyr.[3] Swansea is the second largest city in Wales and the twenty-fifth largest city in the United Kingdom. Swansea is the second most populous local authority area in Wales with a population of 241,300 in 2014. Together with Neath and Port Talbot, Swansea formed a wider Urban Area of 300,352 in 2011.

Swansea
Abertawe
City and County of Swansea
Dinas a Sir Abertawe
Motto(s): 
Floreat Swansea[1]
City and County of Swansea
and (inset) within Wales
Swansea
Location within Wales
Swansea
Location within the United Kingdom
Swansea
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 51°37′N 3°57′W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Wales
Preserved countyWest Glamorgan
Historic countyGlamorganshire
Principal AreaSwansea
Admin HQSwansea Guildhall
Town charter1158–1184
City status1969
Government
  TypePrincipal area, City
  BodySwansea Council
  LeaderRobert Stewart (Lab)
  Senedd and UK Parliament Constituencies
  MPs
  MSs
Area
  Total380 km2 (150 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total
  Density601/km2 (1,560/sq mi)
  Ethnicity
  • 97.8% White
  • 1.5% Asian
  • 0.3% Afro-Caribbean
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Post codes
Area code(s)01792
Vehicle area codesCP, CR, CS, CT, CU, CV
OS grid referenceSS6593
NUTS 3UKL18
Police ForceSouth Wales
Fire ServiceMid and West Wales
Ambulance ServiceWelsh
Websitewww.swansea.gov.uk

During the 19th-century industrial heyday, Swansea was the key centre of the copper-smelting industry, earning the nickname Copperopolis.[4][5]