Swedes (Swedish: svenskar) are a North Germanic ethnic group native to the Nordic region, primarily their nation state of Sweden, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and language. They mostly inhabit Sweden and the other Nordic countries, in particular Finland,[d] with a substantial diaspora in other countries, especially the United States. Swedes are an officially recognized minority in Finland and Estonia.
|c. 13 million[a]|
|Regions with significant populations|
| Sweden c. 8 million[b]
|Finland||c. 290.000 (2008)[d]|
|Swedish citizens abroad||c. 546,000[c]|
|Swedish diaspora||c. 4.5–5 million|
|United States||3,912,522 (2013; ancestry)|
29,000 (Swedish citizens)
|Canada||341,845 (2011; ancestry|
26,000 (sole ancestry)
|Australia||30,375 (2006; ancestry)|
|New Zealand||1,404 (2013; ancestry)|
|Primarily Lutheran Christianity|
(Church of Sweden)
For further details, see Religion in Sweden
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Germanic peoples, especially North Germanic peoples|
^a The total figure is merely an estimation; sum of all the referenced populations who claim Swedish ancestry worldwide and as such might be misleading or exaggerated.
^b Since there are no official statistics regarding ethnicity in Sweden, the number does not include ethnic Swedes who were born abroad but now repatriated to Sweden, nor does it include Swedish-speaking Finns in Sweden; est. for year 2015.
^c This figure overlaps with those listed under diaspora as most Swedish citizens have emigrated to those countries listed lower in the infobox.
The Swedish-speaking Finns or Finland-Swedes form a minority group in Finland. The characteristic of this minority is debated: while some see it as an ethnic group of its own some view it purely as a linguistic minority. The group includes about 265,000 people, comprising 5.10% of the population of mainland Finland, or 5.50% if the 26,000 inhabitants of Åland are included (there are also about 60,000 Swedish-speaking Finns currently resident in Sweden). It has been presented that the ethnic group can also be perceived as a distinct Swedish-speaking nationality in Finland. There are also 9,000 Swedish citizens living in Finland.