Sweyn Forkbeard

Sweyn Forkbeard (Old Norse: Sveinn Haraldsson tjúguskegg [ˈswɛinː ˈhɑrˌɑldsˌson ˈtjuːɣoˌskeɡː];[3] Danish: Svend Tveskæg; 17 April 963[1] – 3 February 1014) was King of Denmark from 986 until his death, King of England from December 1013 until his death, and King of Norway from 999/1000 until 1013/14. He was the father of King Harald II of Denmark, King Cnut the Great, and Queen Estrid Svendsdatter.[2]

Sweyn Forkbeard
Sweyn (Suanus rex) invading England in 1013 (detail of a 13th-century miniature) – Cambridge University Library
King of Denmark
PredecessorHarald Bluetooth
SuccessorHarald II
King of Norway
PredecessorOlaf I
SuccessorOlaf II
King of the English
PredecessorÆthelred the Unready
SuccessorÆthelred the Unready
Born17 April 963[1]
Died3 February 1014 (aged 50)
Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England
SpouseŚwiętosława / Sigrid / Gunhild
among others...
HouseHouse of Denmark
FatherKnut Danaást or Harald Bluetooth[2]
MotherTove or Gunhild[2]

In the mid-980s, Sweyn revolted against his father, Harald Bluetooth, and seized the throne. Harald was driven into exile and died shortly afterwards in November 986 or 987.[4] In 1000, with the allegiance of Eric, Earl of Lade, Sweyn ruled most of Norway. In 1013, shortly before his death, he became the first Danish king of the English after a long effort.

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