TOP 09


TOP 09 (name derived from Tradice Odpovědnost Prosperita, meaning "Tradition Responsibility Prosperity"[13]) is a liberal-conservative[3][4][5][6] political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 7 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.

TOP 09
LeaderMarkéta Pekarová Adamová
Deputy LeadersTomáš Czernin
Jan Jakob
Lukáš Otys
Herbert Pavera
Vlastimil Válek
Chamber of Deputies LeaderVlastimil Válek
MEP LeaderLuděk Niedermayer
Founded11 June 2009 (2009-06-11)
Split fromKDU–ČSL[1]
HeadquartersOpletalova 1603/57, Prague
Youth wingTOP Team
Membership (2019)2,383[2]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism[3][4][5][6]
Christian democracy[7]
Liberalism[8][9][10]
Pro-Europeanism[11]
Political positionCentre-right[12]
National affiliationSPOLU
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours  Purple
Chamber of Deputies
7 / 200
Senate
5 / 81
European Parliament
2 / 21
Regional councils
19 / 675
Governors of the regions
0 / 13
Local councils
483 / 61,892
Website
www.top09.cz

History


Foundation and participation in government

The party was founded on 11 June 2009 by Miroslav Kalousek who left the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party.[14] Karel Schwarzenberg, who had previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second Topolánek cabinet from January 2007 to March 2009, having been nominated by the Green Party for the post, and who had been elected to the Senate in 2004 as nominee of the Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) and Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA) parties, became the party's first leader.[15][16]

Karel Schwarzenberg, Honorary chairman and former leader of TOP 09

In the 2010 parliament elections on 28–29 May 2010, TOP 09 received 16.7% of the vote and 41 seats, becoming the third largest party.[17] The party joined the new coalition government, the Nečas cabinet, with the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and Public Affairs (VV).[18]

In September 2010 TOP09 applied to join the European People's Party. Karel Schwarzenberg has already officially participated in two EPP summits (15 September[19] and 16 December 2010[20]). On 10 February 2011 TOP 09 has officially been granted permission to join the EPP.[21]

In the 2013 legislative election on 25–26 October 2013, TOP 09 won 12% of the vote and 26 seats. The party entered opposition to the Sobotka cabinet.

Opposition and cooperation with STAN and ODS

In the 2014 European elections on 24 and 25 May 2014, TOP 09 reached second place nationally with 15.95% of the vote, electing 4 MEPs.

Karel Schwarzenberg left the position of leader in 2015. He was replaced by Miroslav Kalousek afterwards.

In March 2016, Karel Tureček left the party and joined ANO 2011 which left TOP 09 with 25 MPs.[22] In May 2016, Pavol Lukša, one of founders of TOP 09, left the party and established the new party Good Choice.[23]

TOP 09 was heavily defeated in 2016 regional elections. The party has gained only 19 seat and 3.4% of votes. Miroslav Kalousek then considered resignation but decided to stay.[24]

In January 2017, TOP 09 introduced its new program called Vision 2030. TOP 09 wants to adopt Euro, implement electronical voting and increase health standard to the level of Germany. TOP 09 also wants to shorten week work time to 4 days. Miroslav Kalousek said that he believes that TOP 09 will get over 10% in upcoming legislative election even though recent opinion polls indicated that TOP 09 might not reach 5% threshold.[25][26]

Ahead of 2017 parliamentary elections, TOP 09 was endorsed by The Czech Crown, Conservative Party, Club of Committed Non-Party Members and Liberal-Environmental Party.[27][28] The party eventually received 5.3% of votes being marginalised to 7 seats. Jiří Pospíšil became the new leader after the election.[29]

In the next year municipal elections TOP 09 got only 1.1 per cent of the vote nationally. The best performance for the party was in the Prague City council elections, following which it joined a coalition with the Czech Pirate Party and Prague Together.

In November, 2019, Markéta Adamová was elected as new leader of the party. In late 2020, TOP 09 formed an electoral alliance with KDU-ČSL and ODS called SPOLU, to run in the 2021 elections.

Ideology


TOP 09 has been noted for its support of fiscal conservatism and is considered pro-European Union,[11] being strongly in favour of European integration.[30] These two stances create a basic common ground of the party, as it was otherwise divided in two ideological wings: social conservative and social liberal.[31] On 12 July 2017, TOP 09 and Liberal-Environmental Party agreed to participate in the 2017 Czech legislative election together.[32]

Election results


Below are charts of the results that the TOP09 has secured in the Chamber of Deputies, Senate, European Parliament, and regional assemblies at each election.

Party leader Markéta Pekarová Adamová

Chamber of Deputies

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats +/− Place Position
2010 Karel Schwarzenberg 873,833 16.7
41 / 200
3rd Coalition
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 596,357 12.0
26 / 200
15 4th Opposition
2017 Miroslav Kalousek 268,811 5.3
7 / 200
19 8th Opposition
Ex leader of TOP 09 MEP Jiří Pospíšil

Senate

Election First round Second round Seats Total seats +/-
Votes % Places Votes % Places
2010165,27714.403rd51,3107.543rd
2 / 27
2 / 81
2
201112,0537.514th 
0 / 1
2 / 81
201257,9076.595th9,9181.935th
2 / 27
4 / 81
2
201492,1378.985th30,4766.436th
0 / 27
4 / 81
201422,05515.553rd 
0 / 1
4 / 81
201670,6538.026th30,8207.275th
2 / 27
4 / 81
201837,615 33.511st30,33167.111st
1 / 1
4 / 81
201841,9803.857th22,5805.408th
1 / 27
3 / 81
1
202046,5754.677th33,9387.514th
2 / 27
5 / 81
2

Notes:
1 By-election in Kladno district.
2 By-election in Prague 10 district
3 By-election in Trutnov district. TOP 09 supported a STAN candidate Jan Sobotka.

Presidential

Election Candidate First round result Second round result
Votes %Votes Result Votes %Votes Result
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 1,204,195 23.40 Runner-up 2,241,171 45.20 Lost
2018 Jiří Drahoš Runner-up Lost

European Parliament

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place
2014 241,747 16.0
4 / 21
2nd
2019 276,220 11.7
3 / 21
4th

Local election

Year Vote Vote % Seats
2010 8,537,461 9.5
1,509 / 62,178
2014 8,324,195 8.4
726 / 62,300
2018 1,241,976 1.1
483 / 61,892

Prague municipal elections

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats +/− Place Position
2010 Zdeněk Tůma 1,043,008 30.2
26 / 65
1st Opposition (2010–2013)
2014 Tomáš Hudeček 4,158,226 20.1
16 / 65
10 2nd Opposition
2018 Jiří Pospíšil 4,127,063 16.3
13 / 65
3 4th Coalition

Regional election

Year Vote Vote % Seats +/- Place Note
2012 175,089 6.6
19 / 675
5th
2016 86,164 3.4
19 / 675
9th
2020 Party didn't run on a single list
20 / 675
1 9th [n 1]
Former TOP09 leaders Karel von Schwarzenberg and Miroslav Kalousek
2020 Czech regional election results[33]
Region Coalition partner # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
Seats Governance[34]
# ± Position
Central Bohemian Greens and Voice 24,650 5.89
2 / 65
3 5th STAN–ODS–Pirates–TOP 09+Greens-Voice
South Bohemian KDU-ČSL 20,798 10.45
3 / 55
7th ODSKDU-ČSL+TOP 09–ČSSD–JIH12
Plzeň ODS 36,890 21.23
2 / 45
1 7th ODS+TOP 09–STANPirates
Karlovy Vary STAN 11,700 14.66
1 / 45
10th STAN+TOP 09-Pirates-ODS+KDU ČSL-Local movements
Ústí nad Labem Greens and SNK ED 12,220 6.11
1 / 55
1 8th ANO–ODS–TOP 09+Greens
Liberec KDU-ČSL 5,328 3.83 N/A 7th Mayors for Liberec RegionPirates–ODS
Hradec Králové Hradec Králové Democratic Club 13,891 7.84
1 / 45
3 10th ODS+STAN+VČ–KDU-ČSLPirates–TOP 09+HDK
Pardubice ODS 23,434 14.10
2 / 45
2 8th ČSSD–ODS+TOP 09–KDU-ČSLSTAN
Vysočina KAN and Czech Crown 7,972 4.99 N/A 8th ODS+STO–PiratesKDU-ČSLČSSDSTAN
South Moravian Greens 24,039 6.62
4 / 65
1 6th KDU-ČSLPirates–ODS–STAN
Olomouc KDU-ČSL and Greens 34,519 18.43
2 / 55
2 7th STAN+PiratesKDU-ČSL+TOP 09–ODS
Zlín STAN 24,396 12.69
1 / 45
1 10th ANOPirates–ODS–ČSSD
Moravian-Silesian ODS 43,637 13.84
1 / 65
1 7th ANO–ODS+TOP 09–KDU-ČSLČSSD

Leaders


Symbols


Notes


  1. Including one member elected as a nominee of Mayors and Independents

References


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  3. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Czechia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
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  9. "TOP 09 se dohodla na společné kandidátce s LES Martina Bursíka. Chtějí se poprat o liberální voliče". ihned.cz (in Czech). 12 July 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
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  20. administrator. "EPP official website". Epp.eu. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
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  33. Czech Statistical Office
  34. Aktualne.cz