TSG 1899 Hoffenheim

Turn- und Sportgemeinschaft 1899 Hoffenheim e.V., or simply TSG 1899 Hoffenheim or just Hoffenheim (pronounced [teː ʔɛs ɡeː ˈʔaxt͡seːnˈhʊndɐt ˈnɔʏ̯nʔʊntˈnɔʏ̯nt͡sɪç ˈhɔfn̩haɪ̯m]) is a German professional football club based in Hoffenheim, a village of Sinsheim municipality, Baden-Württemberg.

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
Full nameTurn- und Sportgemeinschaft
1899 Hoffenheim e.V.
Nickname(s)Die Kraichgauer (From Kraichgau region),
achtzehn99 (1899)
Founded1 July 1899; 122 years ago (1899-07-01)
OwnerDietmar Hopp (96%)
PresidentKristian Baumgärtner (interim)
Head coachSebastian Hoeneß
2020–21Bundesliga, 11th of 18
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Originally founded in 1899 as a gymnastics club, Hoffenheim came into being in its modern form in 1945. A fifth division side in 2000, the club rapidly advanced through the German football league system with the financial backing of alumnus and software mogul Dietmar Hopp, and in 2008 Hoffenheim was promoted to the top tier Bundesliga. In the 2017–18 season, Hoffenheim finished third in the Bundesliga (its best to date), qualifying for the UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time.

Since 2009, Hoffenheim has played its home games at the Rhein-Neckar-Arena (currently known as PreZero Arena), having previously played at the Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion from 1999.


The modern-day club was formed in 1945, when gymnastics club Turnverein Hoffenheim (founded 1 July 1899) and football club Fußballverein Hoffenheim (founded 1921) merged. At the beginning of the 1990s, the club was an obscure local amateur side playing in the eighth division Baden-Württemberg A-Liga. They steadily improved and by 1996 were competing in the Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V).

Around 2000, alumnus Dietmar Hopp returned to the club of his youth as a financial backer. Hopp was the co-founder of software firm SAP and he put some of his money into the club. His contributions generated almost immediate results: in 2000 Hoffenheim finished first in the Verbandsliga and was promoted to the fourth-division Oberliga Baden-Württemberg. Another first-place finish moved the club up to the Regionalliga Süd (III) for the 2001–02 season. They finished 13th in their first season in the Regionalliga, but improved significantly the next year, earning a fifth-place result.

Hoffenheim earned fifth and seventh-place finishes in the next two seasons, before improving to fourth in 2005–06 to earn their best result to date. The club made its first DFB-Pokal appearance in the 2003–04 competition and performed well, advancing to the quarter-finals by eliminating 2. Bundesliga sides Eintracht Trier and Karlsruher SC and Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen before being put out themselves by another 2. Bundesliga side, VfB Lübeck.

Negotiations to merge TSG Hoffenheim, Astoria Walldorf, and SV Sandhausen to create FC Heidelberg 06 in 2005 were abandoned due to the resistance of the latter two clubs, and the failure to agree on whether the new side's stadium should be located in Heidelberg or Eppelheim. Team owner Hopp clearly preferred Heidelberg, but could not overcome the resistance of local firm Wild, which had already reserved the site of the planned stadium for its new production facilities.

2006–2008: Major investments, promotion to the Bundesliga

In 2006, the club sought to improve its squad and technical staff by bringing in players with several years of Bundesliga experience, most notably Jochen Seitz and Tomislav Marić, and young talents like Sejad Salihović, while signing manager Ralf Rangnick, who managed Bundesliga teams such as SSV Ulm 1846, VfB Stuttgart, Hannover 96 and Schalke 04, to a five-year contract. The investment paid off in the 2006–07 season with the club's promotion to the 2. Bundesliga after finishing second in Regionalliga Süd.

The 2007–08 season was Hoffenheim's first season in professional football. After a weak start with three losses and only one draw in the first four games, the team's performance improved remarkably and Hoffenheim climbed from 16th place on matchday four to second place on matchday 23. The team managed to defend their place until the end of the season, having scored 60 points after matchday 34. As a result of their second-place finish they received automatic promotion to the Bundesliga, the highest tier in German football, after playing in the 2. Bundesliga for just one season.

2008–present: Growth of the club and Champions League football

Hoffenheim had a successful season in their debut in the Bundesliga, the top German division, as they went on to record a 7th place finish. The club's best players of the season were Vedad Ibišević and Demba Ba, who scored 18 and 14 respectively.[1] In the 2009–10 Bundesliga, the club had a less successful season, recording a finish outside of the top 10, finishing 11th.[2] The club eventually went on to finish in 11th place for the next two consecutive seasons.[3][4] In the 2012–13 Bundesliga, the club came very close to suffering relegation, after they a 16th place finish, meaning they would have to play in the relegation play-offs to survive; the club went on to beat their opponents Kaiserslautern by a scoreline of 5–2 on aggregate, with Roberto Firmino scoring two goals in the first match.[5][6][7] In the 2013–14 Bundesliga, the club had strange statistics; being the third best goalscoring team in the league, but also the worst defensive team, scoring 72 goals and conceding 70.[8] The club's best goalscorer of the season, also their best assist provider, was Roberto Firmino, scoring 16 goals and providing 12 assists, with the player winning the Bundesliga Breakthrough Player of the Season award.[9][10][11] In the 2014–15 Bundesliga, the club came very close to qualifying for the Europa League, with just two points separating them from Borussia Dortmund, who were in 7th place. Despite the 8th place finish, Hoffenheim still had a goal difference of −6 in the 2014–15 season.[12] In the 2015–16 Bundesliga, the club once again came close to suffering relegation, with just one point separating them from the relegation play-offs.[13]

In the 2016–17 season, new coach Julian Nagelsmann took over,[14] beginning to recruit several very significant players, including Andrej Kramarić, Kerem Demirbay and Sandro Wagner.[15][16][17] Initially, the club struggled for form, with four draws in the first four games of the season,[18] before a rise in form rose the club to third place in the league by the end of October.[19] On 4 April 2017, the club beat Bayern Munich by a scoreline of 1–0, one of the most important wins in the club's history.[20] On 21 April 2017, the club confirmed that they would play European football next season following a 1–1 draw with Köln.[21] Following a 4th place finish in the 2016–17 Bundesliga, Hoffenheim confirmed Champions League football for the 2017–18 season.[22] The club were eventually drawn to play six-time European champions Liverpool in the play-off round.[23][24] The club lost the first leg tie by a scoreline of 1–2, before a 4–2 loss in the second leg confirmed Hoffenheim's elimination from the tournament, as the club lost 3–6 on aggregate.[25][26] Due to their elimination from the play-off stages, the club would continue playing European football in the Europa League group stages, however, the club would suffer elimination from the tournament as they would finish bottom of their group.[27]

In the 2017–18 Bundesliga season, Hoffenheim had a successful season, finishing third, automatically qualifying for next year's UEFA Champions League.[28]

The 2018–19 season was more disappointing for Hoffenheim, as they finished bottom of their Champions League group with only 3 draws and 3 losses whilst playing against the likes of Manchester City, Lyon and Shakhtar Donetsk. This meant that they did not make it out of the group stages of a European competition again. In the Bundesliga Hoffenheim didn't fare much better, finishing a disappointing 9th place, 6 below their ranking of 3rd during the 2017–18 campaign with 51 points. This was just two places and 3 points away from the Europa League qualifying rounds. In the DFB-Pokal Hoffenheim were eliminated by RB Leipzig in a 2–0 loss with both goals from Timo Werner. The season's top scorer was Andre Kramarić, with the Croatian finding the goal 22 times in 37 appearances. The German Kerem Demirbay was the clubs top playmaker with 11 assists during the 2018–19 season. Head coach Julian Nagelsmann left the club to join RB Leipzig at the end of the season. Alfred Schreuder, former assistant coach under Huub Stevens and Julian Nagelsmann was appointed as the new head coach.


Current squad

As of 1 August 2021[29]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK  GER Oliver Baumann (vice-captain)
2 DF  CUW Joshua Brenet
3 DF  CZE Pavel Kadeřábek
4 DF  BIH Ermin Bičakčić
6 MF  NOR Håvard Nordtveit
7 FW  DEN Jacob Bruun Larsen
8 MF  GER Dennis Geiger
9 FW  TOG Ihlas Bebou
10 FW  ISR Mu'nas Dabbur
11 MF  AUT Florian Grillitsch
12 GK  GER Philipp Pentke
13 MF  GER Angelo Stiller
14 MF  AUT Christoph Baumgartner
15 DF  GHA Kasim Nuhu
16 MF  GER Sebastian Rudy
17 DF  GER David Raum
18 MF  MLI Diadie Samassékou
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 FW  ALG Ishak Belfodil
20 MF  SRB Mijat Gaćinović
21 DF  GER Benjamin Hübner (captain)
22 DF  GER Kevin Vogt (3rd captain)
23 FW  ARM Sargis Adamyan
25 DF  NGA Kevin Akpoguma
27 FW  CRO Andrej Kramarić
29 FW  DEN Robert Skov
30 MF  GER Marco John
32 DF  NED Melayro Bogarde
33 FW  FRA Georginio Rutter
35 FW  GER Maximilian Beier
36 GK  GER Nahuel Noll
37 GK  GER Luca Philipp
38 DF  AUT Stefan Posch
41 DF  GER Max Geschwill

Players out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF  GRE Kostas Stafylidis (at VfL Bochum until 30 June 2022)
DF  NED Justin Hoogma (at Greuther Fürth until 30 June 2022)
DF  BRA Lucas Ribeiro (at Internacional until 31 December 2021)
MF  ISR Ilay Elmkies (at Admira Wacker until 30 June 2022)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF  BRA Bruno Nazário (at América Mineiro until 31 December 2021)
FW  GER David Otto (at Jahn Regensburg until 30 June 2022)
FW  BRA Klauss (at Standard Liège until 30 June 2022)

Reserve team

Women's team


First team

Head coach Sebastian Hoeneß
Assistant coach David Krecidlo
Assistant coach Matthias Kaltenbach
Goalkeeper coach Michael Rechner
Athletics coach Christian Weigl
Rehab coach Otmar Rösch


PreZero Rhein-Neckar-Arena, the first division team's current stadium.

Before being promoted to the 1. Bundesliga in 2008, the club played in Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion which was built in 1999 with a capacity of 5,000 (1,620 seats).

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim made their loftier ambitions clear in 2006 when the club's management decided to build the new 30,150 seat Rhein-Neckar-Arena suitable for hosting Bundesliga matches. The stadium was originally to be built in Heidelberg before the selection of a site in Sinsheim.

They opened their first season in the 1. Bundesliga at the 26,022 capacity Carl-Benz-Stadion in Mannheim and played their first match in their new stadium on 31 January 2009.[30]

Interwetten betting company has agreed to be the stadium's betting partner for TSG Hoffenheim from August 2017, to 2020.[31]


Criticism of the club

Dietmar Hopp's financial support, which transformed Hoffenheim from a local amateur club into a competitive Bundesliga club, has been strongly criticized by other clubs, fans and some in the German press. The main points of criticism are the club's lack of "tradition" and a proper fan base as the club is a historically insignificant side from a village of just 3,300 inhabitants. This situation is similar to that of now-defunct Scottish side Gretna and German clubs VfL Wolfsburg, Bayer Leverkusen and RB Leipzig, as those teams also received large financial support by companies; Wolfsburg is wholly owned and supported by automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, Bayer Leverkusen by pharmaceutical company Bayer and RB Leipzig by Red Bull. Despite this, Leverkusen and Wolfsburg are nonetheless different from Hoffenheim because of their long history as football clubs founded by the factory workers themselves, and have been successful chiefly through their own merits rather than outside funding.

On 16 August 2011, the club released a statement regarding complaints of a loudspeaker that was strategically placed under away fans during a home game against Borussia Dortmund. The loudspeaker was designed to drown out the noise of the away fans cheers and chants during the game. It was reported that the speaker was placed by the groundskeeper, although the club denied any involvement, saying he acted alone. It was also reported that the loudspeaker was used during other games, not just the home game against Dortmund.[32]

In a later statement, the club admitted that the disruptive sound assembly has been used at least five times, although club officials claim to have no knowledge of these measures.

On 29 February 2020, Bayern Munich supporters unfurled an offensive banner aimed at Hoffenheim owner Dietmar Hopp, resulting the game at Hoffenheim to be suspended with less than 15 minutes remaining. After concerns that the game could be abandoned, both teams returned to finish the match, but had decided to just run down the clock to end the game in solidarity with Hopp. Rather than play on, the two sets of players began passing the ball to each other and chatting as if they were teammates.

The very next day, the Bundesliga match between Vfl Wolfsburg and 1. FC Union Berlin was stopped at the 44th minute of play due to derogatory banners being unfurled, one of which showed Hopp under crosshairs. The two teams left the field to return 10 minutes later and play out the remainder of the half and subsequently the game.[33]


On 25 September 2020, TSG 1899 Hoffenheim signed a partnership agreement with MLS club FC Cincinnati.[34]


The club's honours:


Coaching history

Recent coaches of the club:[35]

Start End Coach
1979 1982 Helmut Zuber
1982 1982 Meinard Stadelbauer
1982 1984 Rudi Ebel
1984 1985 Klaus Keller
1986 1989 Helmut Jedele
1989 1990 Gerhard Boll
1990 1992 Egon Ludwig
1992 1994 Hans Schreiner
1994 1998 Roland Schmitt
1998 1998 Alfred Schön
1998 14 March 1999 Raimund Lietzau
15 March 1999 30 September 1999 Günter Hillenbrand
31 August 1999 12 March 2000 Riko Weigand
2000 30 June 2000 Alfred Schön
1 July 2000 19 November 2005 Hansi Flick
19 November 2005 23 December 2005 Roland Dickgießer*
10 January 2006 21 May 2006 Lorenz-Günther Köstner
24 May 2006 30 June 2006 Alfred Schön*
1 July 2006 1 January 2011 Ralf Rangnick
2 January 2011 30 June 2011 Marco Pezzaiuoli
1 July 2011 9 February 2012 Holger Stanislawski
10 February 2012 3 December 2012 Markus Babbel
3 December 2012 31 December 2012 Frank Kramer*
1 January 2013 2 April 2013 Marco Kurz
2 April 2013 26 October 2015 Markus Gisdol
26 October 2015 10 February 2016 Huub Stevens
11 February 2016 30 June 2019 Julian Nagelsmann
1 July 2019 9 June 2020 Alfred Schreuder
10 June 2020 26 July 2020 Matthias Kaltenbach*
27 July 2020 Present Sebastian Hoeneß
*As caretaker coach.

Recent seasons

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:[36][37]

Season Division Tier Position
1999–00 Verbandsliga Nordbaden V 1st↑
2000–01 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg IV 1st↑
2001–02 Regionalliga Süd III 13th
2002–03 5th
2003–04 5th
2004–05 7th
2005–06 4th
2006–07 2nd↑
2007–08 2. Bundesliga II 2nd↑
2008–09 Bundesliga I 7th
2009–10 11th
2010–11 11th
2011–12 11th
2012–13 16th
2013–14 9th
2014–15 8th
2015–16 15th
2016–17 4th
2017–18 3rd
2018–19 9th
2019–20 6th
2020–21 11th
Promoted Relegated
  • With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. In 2012, the number of Regionalligas was increased from three to five with all Regionalliga Süd clubs except the Bavarian ones entering the new Regionalliga Südwest.

European record

Hoffenheim made their debut in European competition in 2017, qualifying for the play-off round of the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League play-offs. Their first match was on 15 August 2017, losing the first leg of the play-offs 2–1 to Liverpool.


Season Competition Round Club Home Away Result
2017–18 UEFA Champions League PO Liverpool 1–2 2–4 3–6
UEFA Europa League GS Braga 1–2 1–3 4th
Ludogorets Razgrad 1–1 1–2
İstanbul Başakşehir 3–1 1–1
2018–19 UEFA Champions League GS Shakhtar Donetsk 2–3 2–2 4th
Manchester City 1–2 1–2
Lyon 3–3 2–2
2020–21 UEFA Europa League GS Gent 4–1 4–1 1st
Red Star Belgrade 2–0 0–0
Slovan Liberec 5–0 2–0
R32 Molde 0–2 3–3 3–5

UEFA club coefficient ranking

As of 8 April 2021[38]
61 Gent26.500
62 Anderlecht25.000
63 1899 Hoffenheim23.000
64 Astana22.500
65 Standard Liège22.000

Top scorers

Rank Player Years Goals
1 Andrej Kramarić2016–75
2 Sejad Salihović2006–201546
3 Vedad Ibišević2007–201243

Women's team

The women's team started playing in 2006–07 and rushed through the lower leagues. The women's team plays at Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion and is currently coached by Jürgen Ehrmann.[39]


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  39. "TSG Hoffenheim Women" (in German). TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Retrieved 28 August 2017.