Taiwan Province

Taiwan Province (Chinese: 臺灣省; pinyin: Táiwān Shěng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-séng; PFS: Thòi-vàn-sén or Thòi-vân-sén) is a nominal province of the Republic of China without administrative function. Its existence merely retain within the configuration of constitutional structure as a nominal entity and is no longer deemed to be a local self-governing body or one practical administrative division.[2][3]

Taiwan Province
Map depicting subdivisions nominally part of the province (red)
Coordinates: 23.8°N 121.0°E / 23.8; 121.0
CountryRepublic of China (Free area)
Established from Fujian1887
Secession to Japan17 April 1895
Returned to China25 October 1945
Streamlined21 December 1998
Government dissolved1 July 2018[1]
Provincial capitalNone[lower-alpha 1]
  BodyNational Development Council[lower-alpha 2]
  Total25,110.0037 km2 (9,695.0266 sq mi)
  Density280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
"Taiwan" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese臺灣 or 台灣
Simplified Chinese台湾
Traditional Chinese or
Simplified Chinese
Taiwan Province
Traditional Chinese臺灣 or 台灣
Simplified Chinese台湾

Taiwan Province covers approximately 69% of the actual-controlled territory of the Republic of China, with around 31% of the total population. The province initially covered the entire island of Taiwan (Formosa), Penghu (the Pescadores), Orchid Island, Green Island, Xiaoliuqiu Island, and their surrounding islands. Between 1967 and 2014, six special municipalities (Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei and Taoyuan) were split off from the province, all in the most populous regions.

The Taiwan Provincial Government was established in September 1945 at the end of Japanese rule. During the constitutional reform initiated in 1996, the ROC authorities decided to downsize the provincial structure to solve the problem of overlapping personnel and administrative resources between the provincial and central governments, and cut excessive public spending.[4] The provinces were streamlined and ceased to be self-governing bodies in December 1998, with their administrative functions transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan as well as second-tier local governments such as counties. In July 2018, all provincial governmental organs were formally abolished, with their budget and personnel removed.[3][5]