Taiwan Province (Chinese: 臺灣省; pinyin: Táiwān Shěng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-séng; PFS: Thòi-vàn-sén or Thòi-vân-sén) is a nominal province of the Republic of China without administrative function. Its existence merely retain within the configuration of constitutional structure as a nominal entity and is no longer deemed to be a local self-governing body or one practical administrative division.
|Country||Republic of China (Free area)|
|Established from Fujian||1887|
|Secession to Japan||17 April 1895|
|Returned to China||25 October 1945|
|Streamlined||21 December 1998|
|Government dissolved||1 July 2018|
|• Body||National Development Council|
|• Total||25,110.0037 km2 (9,695.0266 sq mi)|
|• Density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
Taiwan Province covers approximately 69% of the actual-controlled territory of the Republic of China, with around 31% of the total population. The province initially covered the entire island of Taiwan (Formosa), Penghu (the Pescadores), Orchid Island, Green Island, Xiaoliuqiu Island, and their surrounding islands. Between 1967 and 2014, six special municipalities (Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei and Taoyuan) were split off from the province, all in the most populous regions.
The Taiwan Provincial Government was established in September 1945 at the end of Japanese rule. During the constitutional reform initiated in 1996, the ROC authorities decided to downsize the provincial structure to solve the problem of overlapping personnel and administrative resources between the provincial and central governments, and cut excessive public spending. The provinces were streamlined and ceased to be self-governing bodies in December 1998, with their administrative functions transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan as well as second-tier local governments such as counties. In July 2018, all provincial governmental organs were formally abolished, with their budget and personnel removed.