Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

The Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic,[lower-alpha 1] also commonly known as Soviet Tajikistan and Tajik SSR, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union which existed from 1929 to 1991 located in Central Asia.

Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Таджикская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Ҷумҳурии Шӯравии Сотсиалистии Тоҷикистон
جمهوری سوسیالیستی شوروی تاجیکستان
Республикаи Советии Социалистии Тоҷикистон
1929–1991
Motto: Пролетарҳои ҳамаи мамлакатҳо, як шавед! (Tajik)
Proletarhoi hamai mamlakatho, yak shaved! (transliteration)
"Proletarians of all nations, unite!"
Anthem: Гимни Республикаи Советии Сотсиалистии Тоҷикистон
Gimni Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston
"Anthem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic"


Location of Tajikistan (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusSoviet Socialist Republic
Capital
and largest city
Dushanbea
Official languagesTajik · Russian
Religion
State atheism
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist single-party Soviet socialist republic (1929–1990)
Unitary presidential republic (1990–1991)
Leader 
 19291933 (first)
Mirza Davud Huseynov
 19851991 (last)
Qahhor Mahkamov
Premier 
 1929–1933 (first)
Abdurrahim Hojibayev
 1986–1991 (last)
Izatullo Khayoyev
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
History 
 Union republic proclaimed
5 December 1929
 Name adopted
5 December 1936
12 February 1990
 Sovereignty declared
24 August 1990
 Renamed to the Republic of Tajikistan
31 August 1991
 Independence declared
9 September 1991
 Independence recognized
26 December 1991
Area
1989143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi)
Population
 1989
5,112,000
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code7 377/379
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tajik ASSR
Tajikistan
Today part ofTajikistan
China
  1. "Stalinabad" between 1929 and 1961.

The Tajik Republic was created on 5 December 1929 as a national entity for the Tajik people within the Soviet Union. It succeeded the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR), which had been created on 14 October 1924 as a part of the predominantly Turkic Uzbek SSR in the process of national delimitation in Soviet Central Asia. On 24 August 1990, the Tajik SSR declared sovereignty in its borders. The republic was renamed to the Republic of Tajikistan on 31 August 1991 and declared its independence from the Soviet Union on 9 September 1991.

Geographically, at 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi), it was bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kirghizia to the north, and China to the east. Pakistan was to the south, separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor.