Tampa, Florida

Tampa (US: /ˈtæmpə/) is a major city on the Gulf Coast of the U.S. state of Florida. The city's borders include the north shore of Tampa Bay and the east shore of Old Tampa Bay. Tampa is the largest city in the Tampa Bay area and the seat of Hillsborough County. With a population of 384,959 according to the 2020 census, Tampa is the third-most populated city in Florida after Jacksonville and Miami and is the 52nd most populated city in the United States.

Tampa, Florida
City of Tampa
Nickname(s): 
Cigar City,[1] The Big Guava,[2]
Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida
Tampa
Location in the United States
Tampa
Tampa (the United States)
Tampa
Tampa (North America)
Coordinates: 27°58′05″N 82°28′35″W
Country United States
State Florida
County Hillsborough
CityTampa
Settled1823
Incorporated (Village)January 18, 1849
Incorporated (Town)September 10, 1853 and
August 11, 1873
Incorporated (City)December 15, 1855 * and
July 15, 1887
Government
  TypeStrong Mayor–Council
  MayorJane Castor (D)
  LegislativeTampa City Council
Area
  City175.83 sq mi (455.40 km2)
  Land114.02 sq mi (295.30 km2)
  Water61.82 sq mi (160.10 km2)  35.3%
  Urban
802.3 sq mi (2,078 km2)
  Metro
2,554 sq mi (6,610 km2)
Elevation
48 ft (14.6 m)
Population
  City384,959
  Estimate 
(2020)[5]
384,959
  Rank47th in the US
  Density3,505.68/sq mi (1,353.55/km2)
  Urban
2.4 million (17th)
  Metro
3,097,859[6]
Demonym(s)Tampan, Tampanian, Tampeño[7]
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
33601–33626, 33629–33631, 33633–33635, 33637, 33646, 33647, 33650, 33655, 33660–33664, 33672–33675, 33677, 33679–33682, 33684–33689, 33694[8]
Area code(s)813, 656
FIPS code12-71000[9]
GNIS feature ID0292005[10]
Primary AirportTampa International Airport
Secondary Airports
Interstates
Major State Routes
Public TransitHillsborough Area Regional Transit, TECO Line Streetcar, Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority
Websitewww.tampa.gov
* Original city charter revoked by Florida Legislature on October 4, 1869[11]

Tampa functioned as a military center during the 19th century with the establishment of Fort Brooke. The cigar industry was also brought to the city by Vincente Martinez Ybor, after whom Ybor City is named. Tampa was formally reincorporated as a city in 1887, following the Civil War. Today, Tampa's economy is driven by tourism, health care, finance, insurance, technology, construction, and the maritime industry.[12] The bay's port is the largest in the state, responsible for over $15 billion in economic impact.[13]

The city is part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area which is a four-county area composed of roughly 3.1 million residents,[6] making it the second largest metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in the state and the fourth largest in the Southeastern United States, behind Washington, D.C., Miami, and Atlanta.[14] The Greater Tampa Bay area has over 4 million residents and generally includes the Tampa and Sarasota metro areas. As of 2018, Tampa's annual growth rate is 1.63%.[15]