Tangier

Tangier (/tænˈɪər(z)/ tan-JEER(Z); Arabic: طنجة, Berber languages: ⵟⴰⵏⵊⴰ, romanized: Ṭanja, Spanish: Tánger) is a city in northwestern Morocco. It is on the Maghreb coast at the western entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Spartel. The town is the capital of the Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima region, as well as the Tangier-Assilah prefecture of Morocco.

Tangier
Tangier
Nickname(s): 
The blue and white city, Boughaz, North's bride
Tangier
Location of Tangier within Morocco
Tangier
Tangier (Africa)
Coordinates: 35°46′36″N 05°48′14″W
Country Morocco
RegionTanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
Area
  Total116 km2 (45 sq mi)
Highest elevation
230 m (750 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2014)[1]
  Total947,952
  Rank3rd in Morocco[1]
 [lower-alpha 1]
Demonym(s)Tangierian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Postal codes
  • 90000
  • 90010
  • 90020
  • 90030
  • 90040
  • 90050
  • 90060
  • 90070
  • 90080
  • 90090
  • 90100
Area code(s)0539
Websitetanger.ma
  1. The High Commission for Planning defines the city of Tangier as comprising the four arrondissements of Bni Makada, Charf-Mghogha, Charf-Souani and Tanger-Médina.[1]

Many civilisations and cultures have influenced the history of Tangier, starting from before the 10th century BCE. Between the period of being a strategic Berber town and then a Phoenician trading centre to the independence era around the 1950s, Tangier was a nexus for many cultures. In 1923, it was considered as having international status by foreign colonial powers and became a destination for many European and American diplomats, spies, writers and businessmen.

The city is undergoing rapid development and modernisation. Projects include tourism projects along the bay, a modern business district called Tangier City Centre, an airport terminal, and a football stadium. Tangier's economy is set to benefit greatly from the Tanger-Med port.