Tatton (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Alderley Edge, Ashley, Chelford, Handforth, Knutsford, Lostock Gralam, Mobberley, Plumley, Styal, Wilmslow|
|Member of Parliament||Esther McVey (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Runcorn, Cheadle, Northwich and Knutsford|
Tatton comprises the north-western part of the Cheshire East unitary authority, including the towns of Knutsford and Wilmslow, and a number of villages such as Alderley Edge, Chelford, Handforth and Mobberley, in Cheshire. It also covers a small, north-east, part of the Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority, including some of the outskirts of Northwich.
The seat largely comprises prosperous villages and small towns, many of which have high property prices, set amidst Cheshire countryside, featuring country parks, hills, recreation grounds and golf courses. The area was previously dominated by countryside; however, since the 1950s, it has developed a largely built-up, suburban character, being located on the fringes of Greater Manchester. The largest centres of population are Alderley Edge, Wilmslow and Knutsford. Its proximity to Manchester means Tatton forms part of the commuter belt to the city.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
During the 2016 EU membership referendum, the constituency voted to remain in the EU, despite both Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester voting to leave overall. The margin was 55.56% Remain over 44.44% Leave.
The constituency was created for the 1983 general election following the major reorganisation of local authorities under the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974. It was formed from parts of the seats of Runcorn, Cheadle, Northwich and Knutsford. The constituency is named after Tatton Park, a stately home in this area.
1983–1997: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Dean Row, Fulshaw, Handforth, High Legh, Hough, Knutsford Nether, Knutsford Over, Knutsford South, Knutsford West, Lacey Green, Mere, Mobberley, Morley and Styal, and Plumley; and the District of Vale Royal wards of Barnton, Castle, Cogshall, Lostock Gralam, Marston and Wincham, Northwich, Rudheath and Whatcroft, Seven Oaks, Shakerley, Winnington, Witton North, and Witton South.
Initially comprised the towns of Northwich and Knutsford and surrounding rural areas, formerly parts of the abolished constituencies of the same names, together with the former Urban District of Wilmslow, previously part of the constituency of Cheadle. Also included a small area transferred from Runcorn.
1997–2010: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Alderley Edge, Dean Row, Fulshaw, Handforth, High Legh, Hough, Knutsford Nether, Knutsford Over, Knutsford South, Knutsford West, Lacey Green, Mere, Mobberley, Morley and Styal, Nether Alderley, and Plumley; and the District of Vale Royal wards of Barnton, Cogshall, Lostock Gralam, Marston and Wincham, Rudheath and Whatcroft, Seven Oaks, and Shakerley.
Under the Fourth Periodic Review of constituencies, the number of constituencies in Cheshire was increased from 10 to 11 and Northwich was now included in the newly created constituency of Weaver Vale. To compensate for this loss, Alderley Edge was transferred from Macclesfield.
2010–2019: The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 defined the boundaries as:
The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Alderley Edge, Chelford, Dean Row, Fulshaw, Handforth, High Legh, Hough, Knutsford Bexton, Knutsford Nether, Knutsford Norbury Booths, Knutsford Over, Lacey Green, Mere, Mobberley, Morley & Styal, and Plumley; and the Borough of Vale Royal wards of Barnton, Cogshall, Lostock & Wincham, Rudheath & South Witton, Seven Oaks & Marston, Shakerley.
Minor changes due to revision of ward boundaries.
However, before the new boundaries came into force for the 2010 election, the districts making up the county of Cheshire were abolished on 1 April 2009, being replaced by four unitary authorities. Consequently, the constituency's boundaries became:
The Cheshire East wards of Alderley Edge, Chelford, Handforth, High Legh, Knutsford, Mobberley, Wilmslow Dean Row, Wilmslow East, Wilmslow Lacey Green, and Wilmslow West & Chorley ; and the Cheshire West and Chester wards of Marbury, Shakerley, and Witton & Rudheath (part).
2019–present: Following a further local government ward boundary review in 2019, the boundaries are currently:
The Cheshire East wards of Alderley Edge, Chelford, Handforth, High Legh, Knutsford, Mobberley, Wilmslow Dean Row, Wilmslow East, Wilmslow Lacey Green, and Wilmslow West & Chorley ; and the Cheshire West and Chester wards of Davenham, Moulton & Kingsmead (part), Marbury (part), Rudheath (part), and Shakerley.
During the 1997 general election campaign, Tatton was one of the UK's highest-profile constituencies. Following Hamilton's implication in the Cash for Questions scandal of the 1990s, the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats withdrew their candidates in favour of the former BBC journalist Martin Bell, who stood as an Independent, while those two parties supported his "anti-corruption" campaign. Bell was ultimately successful, with a majority of 11,077. Hamilton came second.
Having promised to serve only one term, Bell did not contest the seat at the 2001 election, and the seat was won by Conservative George Osborne with a majority of 8,611 (20.8%). Osborne held the seat at the 2005 election with an increased majority, and became the Shadow Chancellor that year. He held the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer from 2010 to 2016, one of the highest frontbench government positions. Osborne served the seat until standing down at the 2017 election, having been announced as the new editor of the London Evening Standard newspaper in March of that year.
Esther McVey, who had been MP for nearby Wirral West from 2010 to 2015, was elected in 2017. McVey was the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions after Theresa May's Cabinet reshuffle in January 2018, but resigned after concerns over May's plan of leaving the European Union in November 2018. McVey subsequently announced her candidacy for the Conservative Party leadership in 2019, but was knocked out in the first round, receiving the lowest number of votes of all ten candidates.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Smith||7,712||15.7||+6.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Gareth Wilson||4,431||9.0||+0.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Gareth Wilson||3,850||8.5||−14.1|
|Liberal Democrats||David Lomax||10,200||22.6|
|The True English (Poetry) Party||Michael Gibson||298||0.7||New|
|Conservative win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||William Arnold||9,016||21.8||+3.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Ash||7,685||18.6||New|
|Independent Green||Peter Sharratt||734||1.8||New|
|Tatton Group||Vivianne Allinson||505||1.2||New|
|Conservative gain from Independent||Swing||+5.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|Ind. Conservative||Sam Hill||295||0.6||New|
|Ind. Conservative||Simon Kinsey||184||0.4||New|
|Miss Moneypenny's Glamorous One Party||Burnel Penhaul||128||0.3||New|
|Albion Party||John Muir||126||0.3||New|
|Natural Law||Michael Kennedy||123||0.3||New|
|Lord Biro versus the Scallywag Tories||David Bishop||116||0.2||New|
|Ind. Conservative||Ralph Nicholas||113||0.2||New|
|Juice Party||Julian Price||73||0.1||New|
|Independent win (new boundaries)|
|Liberal Democrats||Catherine Hancox||9,597||16.7||−6.9|
|Feudal Party||Michael Gibson||410||0.7||+0.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|Feudal Party||Michael Gibson||263||0.5||New|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Cheshire
- History of Parliamentary constituencies and boundaries in Cheshire
Notes and references
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Historic England". list.english-heritage.org.uk.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- EU Ref Update – Gareth Wilson of Tatton Lib Dems
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983" (PDF).
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995".
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007".
- "OpenStreetMap". OpenStreetMap.
- "George Osborne to quit as MP for Tatton at election". BBC News. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Brexit: Dominic Raab and Esther McVey among ministers to quit over EU agreement". BBC News. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
- "Tatton Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Tatton parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Tatton". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Data for the 2005 election are from the BBC.
- Data for the 2001 election are from United Kingdom Election Results.
- Data for the 1997 and 1992 results are taken from The Guardian.
- Data for 1983 and 1987 elections taken from Politicsresources.net - Official Web Site ✔
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Edinburgh South West
| Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
Runnymede and Weybridge