Teetotalism is the practice or promotion of total personal abstinence from alcoholic beverages. A person who practices (and possibly advocates) teetotalism is called a teetotaler (British spelling teetotaller) or is simply said to be teetotal. The teetotalism movement was first started in Preston, England, in the early 19th century. The Preston Temperance Society was founded in 1833 by Joseph Livesey, who was to become a leader of the temperance movement and the author of The Pledge: "We agree to abstain from all liquors of an intoxicating quality whether ale, porter, wine, or ardent spirits, except as medicine." Today, a number of temperance organizations exist that promote teetotalism as a virtue.