Telephone numbers in Russia

Telephone numbers in Russia are under a unified numbering plan with Kazakhstan, both of which share the international code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the country calling code for all of the Soviet Union. Following the Soviet break-up, all of its former republics, save for Russia and Kazakhstan, switched to new country codes. Following Abkhazia's secession from Georgia, Abkhazia switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 840 for landlines and +7 940 for mobile phones, though it still can be reached via the Georgian telephone code +995 44.[2]

Russia telephone numbers
Location of Russia with unrecognized territories in light green.[lower-alpha 1]
RegulatorMinistry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation
NSN length10
Typical format(ABC) xxx-xx-xx
Numbering planRussian Federation National Numbering Plan (NNP)
Last updated2016
Access codes
Country calling code+7
International call prefix8~xx (where "~" means "wait for the next dial tone", and xx is the international carrier selection code)
Trunk prefix8

After the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014,[lower-alpha 2] the Republic of Crimea switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 365 for landlines, while the city of Sevastopol switched to the codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 869 for landlines, since 7 May 2015.[5]

Russia uses a four-level (local, zone, country, international) open dialing plan. Local telecommunications regulators had planned to abandon this system and change to a closed dialing plan at all levels by 2009, but postponed the changeover until 2010,[6] later pushed once more until 2012[7] and finally approved for implementation in the period of 2020–2025.[8] Currently, all national subscriber numbers consist of 10 digits (excluding any prefixes), with 3 digits for an area code and a 7-digit individual number which includes a zone code (up to 2 digits).