Telephone numbers in Spain


The Spanish telephone numbering plan is the allocation of telephone numbers in Spain. It was previously regulated by the Comisión del Mercado de las Telecomunicaciones (CMT), but is now regulated by the Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC).

Spain telephone numbers
Location
CountrySpain
ContinentEurope
RegulatorCMT
Typeclosed
Access codes
Country calling code+34
International call prefix00
Trunk prefixnone

History


Before 1998, local telephone calls could be made using only the subscriber's number without the area code, while the trunk code '9' was omitted when calling from outside Spain, e.g.:[1]

xx[x] xx xx     (within the same province) 
9xx xxx xxx     (within Spain)   
+34 xx xxx xxx  (outside Spain)

International calls were made by dialling the international access code 07, waiting for a tone, and then dialling the country code.[2] However, calls to Gibraltar were made using the prefix '956' for the province of Cádiz, followed by the digit '7', instead of the country code +350, e.g:[3]

7 xx xxx     (from Cádiz)
956 7 xx xxx (from the rest of Spain) 

Similarly, calls to Andorra were made using the prefix '973' for the province of Lleida followed by the digit '8',[4] e.g:

8 xx xxx        (from Lleida) 
9738 xx xxx     (from Spain)    

It was also possible to call Andorra from other countries via Spain using the prefix +34 738 instead of via France using the prefix +33 628.[5] However, on 17 December 1994, Andorra adopted its own country code +376, with '8' being added to the subscriber's five-digit number, meaning that international dialling was required from Spain, e.g:[6]

9738 xx xxx   (before 17 December 1994) 
07376 8xx xxx (after 17 December 1994)

Mobile phone numbers began with the prefix '90', e.g:[7]

90x xxx xxx     (within Spain)   
+34 0x xxx xxx  (outside Spain)

Current numbering plan


On 1 December 1998, Spain changed to a new telephone numbering plan.[8] Under the closed numbering plan with the trunk prefix '9' being incorporated into the subscriber's number, so that a nine-digit number was used for all calls, e.g.:[9]

9xx xxx xxx      (within Spain)   
+34 9xx xxx xxx  (outside Spain)

Mobiles similarly changed, and were now prefixed with the digit '6':

 908 xxx xxx     (within Spain before 1998)
 +34 08 xxx xxx  (outside Spain before 1998) 
 +34 608 xxx xxx (since 1998)[10]

New numbering ranges have also since been introduced:

 10xx        Carrier selection codes
 5xx xxx xxx Personal Numbering
 7yx xxx xxx (since 2009–2010; note y cannot be 0 (zero) because this is allocated as a personal number, see below)
 8xx xxx xxx Geographic expansion 
 800 xxx xxx Freephone
 900 xxx xxx Freephone
 80x xxx xxx Shared-cost 
 90x xxx xxx Shared-cost 

Spain's international access code also changed from 07 to 00, but this did not affect dialling arrangements for calls to Gibraltar, with the 9567 prefix being retained.[11] In addition, it was possible to call Gibraltar from other countries via Spain using the prefix +34 9567.[12] However, on 10 February 2007, Spain adopted the international prefix 00350 for all calls to Gibraltar, thereby bringing end to a dispute between Gibraltar and Spain.[13] Consequently, numbers with the prefix 9567 were withdrawn from use, and made available for reassignment to subscribers in Spain.[14]

Mobile phones

Mobile phone numbers begin with 6 or 7, followed by 8 digits (6xx xxx xxx or 7yx xxx xxx), where y can be 1 to 9, not 0 (zero). Note, numbers starting with 70 are personal numbers which can be re-directed to any other number by the personal owner. Since the blocks of mobile phone numbers are allocated according to demand from the service providers, there is not necessarily a unique service provider indicated by the three digit numbering group (6xx or 7yx).

In October 2009, new legislation was approved to grant the allocation of up to 80,000,000 new numbers beginning with number 7 (followed by 8 digits) to supplement the existing group beginning with number 6 (followed by 8 digits); due to the lack of available numbers to satisfy the increasing demand for mobile phone and other mobile / wireless services.[15]

Personal numbering

Personal numbers are used as redirection IDs. The owner of a personal number may request, for example, any call to its personal number to be redirected to any other number it wants.

Personal numbers begin with 5, followed by 8 digits.

Other numbers

  • Numbers starting with 2, 3, 4, 5, and 99 are reserved.
  • Numbers starting with 0 and 1 are used to compose short numbers or for prefixes. For example, three-digit numbers starting with 0 are for emergency and services to the citizen.
  • Numbers starting with 80 and 90, then a number different from 0, are used for premium rates, toll free, and internet access numbers.
    • 905 numbers are supposed to be used for voting systems. Calls have a limited duration (typically 3 minutes), and are charged a fixed rate per call. They are often used in TV shows as a substitutive of 80 numbers, both for image reasons and because operators are not obliged to block them on a user request, as 80 numbers are.[17]
    • Until 2003, 906 used to be the prefix for premium rate calls, where the calling party pays a fixed amount of money per minute and are lucrative for the called party. In that year, 906 was discontinued and split in three: 803 for phone sex, 806 for entertainment, gambling and various services such as divination, and 807 for professional services such as legal and medical advice.[18][19]
    • 908 and 909 were designed to be the numbers for dial-up Internet access. However, they have been widely replaced by digital subscriber line and faster Internet access technologies. 907 was the prefix for dial-up access to premium rate websites.
  • 800 and 900 numbers are freephone numbers in Spain. The called party pays the cost of the call.[19]
  • 901 and 902 numbers are Non Geographic Numbers. These have been widely introduced by the call centres of large multinational European businesses. Unlike other normal Spanish phone numbers beginning 910 onwards, 901 and 902 numbers are always excluded from inclusive call bundles on Spanish landlines and mobiles. In 901 lines, the cost of the call is shared between the calling party and the receiver; in a 902, the calling party pays all the cost of the call.[19] 902 numbers are extremely expensive to call from Spanish mobiles. 901 and 902 numbers are also premium rated if calling Spain from overseas and low cost international call carriers to Spain normally refuse to connect calls to 901 and 902 numbers.

Area codes


Spanish prefix map
Dialling codes of Spain in the early 1990s
National Destination Code Max length Min length Category or Province
033Short Number
0022International Prefix
144Short Number
10364Operator Selection
10464Operator Selection
10564Operator Selection
10764Operator Selection
11233Emergency Services
11855Directory assistance
599Personal Numbering System
699Mobile phones
7099Personal Numbering System
7199Mobile phones
7299Mobile phones
7399Mobile phones
7499Mobile phones
7599Mobile phones
7699Mobile phones
7799Mobile phones
7899Mobile phones
7999Mobile phones
80099Toll Free
80399Premium Rate (adult services)
80699Premium Rate (entertaining service)
80799Premium Rate (professional services)
82299Santa Cruz de Tenerife
82499Badajoz
82899Las Palmas
84399Gipuzkoa
84899Navarre
85099Almería
85699Cádiz
85899Granada
86899Murcia
87199Balearic Islands
87299Girona
87399Lleida
87699Zaragoza
87799Tarragona
88199A Coruña
98299Lugo
88699Pontevedra
90099Toll Free
90199Shared-cost call
90299National Rate
90599Telephone Voting System
90799Premium Rate (data systems)
90899Internet Access
90999Internet Access
91199Madrid (Segovia and Guadalajara until 1993)
91299Madrid
91399Madrid
91499Madrid
91599Madrid
91699Madrid
91799Madrid
91899Madrid (Ávila until 1993)
92099Ávila
92199Segovia
92299Santa Cruz de Tenerife
92399Salamanca
92499Badajoz
92599Toledo
92699Ciudad Real
92799Cáceres
92899Las Palmas
93199Barcelona
93299Barcelona
93399Barcelona
93499Barcelona
93599Barcelona
93699Barcelona
93799Barcelona
93899Barcelona
94099Pager Services
94199La Rioja
94299Cantabria
94399Gipuzkoa
94499Biscay
94599Álava
94699Biscay
94799Burgos
94899Navarre
94999Guadalajara
95099Almería
95199Málaga
95299Málaga
95399Jaén
95499Seville
95599Seville
95699Cádiz
95799Córdoba
95899Granada
95999Huelva
96099Valencia
96199Valencia, Center of province
96299Valencia, South of province
96399Valencia, City and surroundings
96499Castellón
96599Alicante
96699Alicante
96799Albacete
96899Murcia
96999Cuenca
97199Balearic Islands
97299Girona
97399Lleida
97499Huesca
97599Soria
97699Zaragoza
97799Tarragona
97899Teruel
97999Palencia
98099Zamora
98199A Coruña
98299Lugo
98399Valladolid
98499Asturias
98599Asturias
98699Pontevedra
98799León
98899Ourense

References


  1. Spain & Portugal, 1994: The Most In-Depth Guide to the Spectacle and Romance of Spain & Portugal, A. Hoyt Hobbs, Joy Adzigian, Fielding Worldwide, 1994, page 34
  2. In Spain, Francisco J. Uriz, Birgit Harling, EMC Publishing, 1990, page 57
  3. Gibraltar: British Or Spanish?, Peter Gold, Routledge Press, 2005, page 359
  4. Fodor's Spain, 1987: (excluding the Canaries), Fodor's Travel Guides, 1987, page 264
  5. Mediterranean Europe, Lonely Planet, 1995, page 104
  6. Fodor's Europe, Eugene Fodor, D. McKay, 1996, page 35
  7. Fairplay, Fairplay Publications Limited, 1997, page 32
  8. Official Journal of the European Communities: Legislation, Volume 40, Issues 240-251
  9. Mediterranean Europe, Lonely Planet, 2005, page 438
  10. Lloyd's Ports of the World, Lloyd's of London Press, 2000, page 788
  11. Southern Spain, Insight Guides, 1998
  12. Danmarks posten, Volume 83, Dansk Samvirke, 2002, page 40
  13. International Dialing codes implemented, Gibraltar Regulatory Authority, 10 February 2007
  14. Gibraltar.- Las llamadas telefónicas al Peñón introducen a partir de mañana el prefijo internacional sin coste adicional, Europa Press, 9 February 2007
  15. Los nuevos números de móvil empezarán por siete cuando se agoten los encabezados por seis, El Mundo, 19 October 2009 (Spanish)
  16. El Mundo. El 016, el teléfono confidencial para maltratadas que no deja huella
  17. Unión de Consumidores de España (UCE) denuncia los números 905, Diputación de Huelva, 24 October 2007
  18. El País. Los teléfonos 906 se convierten desde hoy en 806 salvo para acceder a la Red
  19. Reclamador. Coste llamadas: ¿Cuánto cuestan los números 900, 901, 902 y 800? (Spanish)