Telford

Telford (/ˈtɛlfərd/ (listen)) is a large town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England, about 15 miles (24 km) east of Shrewsbury, 21 miles (34 km) south west of Stafford, 19 miles (31 km) north west of Wolverhampton, and 28 miles (45 km) from Birmingham in the same direction. With an estimated population (for the borough) of 175,271 in 2017[2] and around 155,000 in Telford itself,[3] Telford is the largest town in Shropshire, and one of the fastest-growing towns in the United Kingdom.[4]

Telford

From top, left to right: Telford skyline, Southwater, Telford Town Park and Telford Plaza
Telford
Location within Shropshire
Population142,723 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ698088
 London140 mi (230 km) SE
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTELFORD
Postcode districtTF1–5, TF7
Dialling code01952
PoliceWest Mercia
FireShropshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52.6766°N 2.4469°W / 52.6766; -2.4469

It is named after civil engineer Thomas Telford,[5] who engineered many road, canal and rail projects in Shropshire. The town was put together in the 1960s and 1970s as a new town on previously industrial and agricultural land and towns. Like other planned towns of the era, Telford was created from the merger of other settlements and towns, most notably the towns of Wellington, Oakengates, Madeley and Dawley.

Telford Shopping Centre, a modern shopping mall, was constructed at the new town's geographical centre, along with an extensive Town Park. The M54 motorway was completed in 1983, improving the town's road links with the West Midlands conurbation.

On Telford's southern boundaries is the Ironbridge Gorge, a scenic tourist destination and UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town advertises itself as "The Birthplace of Industry", due to it having Coalbrookdale and other places in the Ironbridge Gorge area, within its boundary. These areas are internationally recognised as being important to the Industrial Revolution, and being to a large extent constructed on the Shropshire Coalfield.