Tell Sabi Abyad

Tell Sabi Abyad (Arabic: تل صبي أبيض) is an archaeological site in the Balikh River valley in northern Syria. The site consists of four prehistoric mounds that are numbered Tell Sabi Abyad I to IV. Extensive excavations showed that these sites were inhabited already around 7500 to 5500 BC, although not always at the same time; the settlement shifted back and forth among these four sites.[1]

Tell Sabi Abyad
تل صبي أبيض
Excavations at Tell Sabi Abyad.
Shown within Near East
Tell Sabi Abyad (Syria)
RegionBalikh River valley
Coordinates36.504°N 39.093°E / 36.504; 39.093
Area11 hectares (27 acres), 15–16 hectares (37–40 acres) (with city walls), 4 hectares (9.9 acres) (outer town)
Height2 metres (6 ft 7 in)
Materialclay, limestone
Foundedc. 7550 BC
Abandonedc. 1250 BC
PeriodsPre-Pottery Neolithic B, Neolithic, Transitional Neolithic-Halaf, Early Bronze Age-Halaf, Middle Assyrian period
Site notes
Excavation dates2002–ongoing
ArchaeologistsC. Castel, N. Awad, Peter Akkermans
ManagementDirectorate-General of Antiquities and Museums
Public accessYes

The earliest pottery of Syria was discovered here; it dates at ca. 6900-6800 BC, and consists of mineral-tempered, and sometimes painted wares.