Tenochtitlan

Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Tenōchtitlan pronounced [tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: Tenochtitlan), also known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan pronounced [meːˈʃiʔko tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: México-Tenochtitlan), was a large Mexica altepetl in what is now the historic center of Mexico City. The exact date of the founding of the city is unclear. The date 13 March 1325 was chosen in 1925 to celebrate the 600th anniversary of the city.[2] The city was built on an island in what was then Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico. The city was the capital of the expanding Aztec Empire in the 15th century[3] until it was captured by the Spanish in 1521.

Mexico-Tenochtitlan
1325–1521
Glyph
Model of the temple district of Tenochtitlan at the National Museum of Anthropology
The Valley of Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest showing the location of lake Tenochtitlan.
CapitalTenochtitlan
Common languagesClassical Nahuatl
Religion
Aztec religion
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraPre-Columbian
 Foundation
1325
 Formation of the Aztec Empire
1428
1521
Population
 Estimate
140,000+[1]
Succeeded by
New Spain

At its peak, it was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas. It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Today, the ruins of Tenochtitlan are in the historic center of the Mexican capital. The World Heritage Site of Xochimilco contains what remains of the geography (water, boats, floating gardens) of the Mexica capital.

Tenochtitlan was one of two Mexica āltepētl (city-states or polities) on the island, the other being Tlatelolco. The city is located in modern-day Mexico City.