Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BCE with the purpose of protecting the emperor in his afterlife.

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationLintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
CriteriaCultural: i, iii, iv, vi
Inscription1987 (11th Session)
Coordinates34°23′06″N 109°16′23″E
Location of Terracotta Army in China
Terracotta Army
Simplified Chinese兵马俑
Traditional Chinese兵馬俑
Literal meaningSoldier and horse tomb-figurines

The figures, dating from approximately the late third century BCE,[1] were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong County, outside Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. The figures vary in height according to their roles, the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits near Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum.[2] Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians.[3]