Territory of Hawaii

The Territory of Hawaii or Hawaii Territory[3][4][5] (Hawaiian: Panalāʻau o Hawaiʻi) was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from April 30, 1900, until August 21, 1959, when most of its territory, excluding Palmyra Island, was admitted to the United States as the 50th U.S. state, the State of Hawaii. The Hawaii Admission Act specified that the State of Hawaii would not include Palmyra Island, the Midway Islands, Kingman Reef, and Johnston Atoll, which includes Johnston (or Kalama) Island and Sand Island.[6]

Territory of Hawaii
Panalāʻau o Hawaiʻi
Organized incorporated territory of the United States

Main islands of the Territory of Hawaii
  TypeOrganized incorporated territory
 1900–1903 (first)
Sanford B. Dole
 1957–1959 (last)
William F. Quinn
Military Governor 
LTG Walter Short
LTG Delos Emmons
LTG Robert C. Richardson Jr.
August 12, 1898
April 30, 1900[2]
December 7, 1941
 Martial law
August 21, 1959
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Hawaii
Johnston Atoll
Midway Atoll
Kingman Reef
Palmyra Atoll

On July 4, 1898, the United States Congress passed the Newlands Resolution authorizing the U.S. annexation of the Republic of Hawaii, and five weeks later, on August 12, Hawaii became a U.S. territory. In April 1900 Congress approved the Hawaiian Organic Act which organized the territory. United States Public Law 103-150 adopted in 1993, (informally known as the Apology Resolution), acknowledged that "the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii occurred with the active participation of agents and citizens of the United States" and also "that the Native Hawaiian people never directly relinquished to the United States their claims to their inherent sovereignty as a people over their national lands, either through the Kingdom of Hawaii or through a plebiscite or referendum".[7]

Hawaii's territorial history includes a period from 1941 to 1944, during World War II, when the islands were placed under martial law. Civilian government was dissolved and a military governor was appointed.

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