Texas A&M University

Texas A&M University (Texas A&M, A&M, or TAMU) is a public land-grant research university in College Station, Texas. It was founded in 1876 and became the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System in 1948. As of 2020, Texas A&M's student body is the second largest in the United States.[8][9] Texas A&M is the only university in Texas to hold simultaneous designations as a land, sea, and space grant institution. It has projects funded by organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research. In 2001, Texas A&M was inducted as a member of the Association of American Universities. The school's students, alumni and sports teams are known as Aggies. The Texas A&M Aggies athletes compete in 18 varsity sports as a member of the Southeastern Conference.

Texas A&M University
Former names
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (1871–1963)[1]
TypePublic Flagship land-grant Senior military college
Established1876[2][Note 1]
Parent institution
Texas A&M University System
Academic affiliations
Endowment$13.5 billion system-wide (2019)
PresidentKatherine Banks
ProvostMark Weichold (interim)[4]
Academic staff
Students69,465 (Fall 2019)[6]
Undergraduates54,476 (Fall 2019)[6]
Postgraduates14,989 (Fall 2019)[6]
5,097 (Fall 2019)[6]
Location, ,
United States[Note 2]
CampusCollege town, 5,500 acres (20 km2)[7]
ColorsMaroon and White
AthleticsNCAA Division ISEC
MascotReveille X

The first public institution of higher education in Texas, the school opened for classes on October 4, 1876,[10] as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (A.M.C.) under the provisions of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts. It is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".[11] Originally, the college taught no classes in agriculture, instead concentrating on classical studies, languages, literature, and applied mathematics. After four years, students could attain degrees in scientific agriculture, civil and mechanical engineering, and language and literature.[12] Under the leadership of President James Earl Rudder in the 1960s, A.M.C. desegregated, became coeducational, and dropped the requirement for participation in the Corps of Cadets. To reflect the institution's expanded roles and academic offerings, the Texas Legislature renamed the school to Texas A&M University in 1963. The letters "A&M", originally A.M.C. and short for "Agricultural and Mechanical College", are retained as a link to the university's tradition.

The main campus is one of the ten largest in the United States, spanning 5,200 acres (21 km2),[2][13][14] and is home to the George Bush Presidential Library. About one-fifth of the student body lives on campus. Texas A&M has more than 1,000 officially recognized student organizations. Many students also observe the traditions, which govern daily life, as well as special occasions, including sports events. Working with various A&M-related agencies, the school has a direct presence in each of the 254 counties in Texas. The university offers degrees in more than 150 courses of study through ten colleges and houses 18 research institutes. As a Senior Military College, Texas A&M is one of six American public universities with a full-time, volunteer Corps of Cadets who study alongside civilian undergraduate students.[15]