The Greens (Luxembourg)

The Greens (Luxembourgish: Déi Gréng, French: Les Verts, German: Die Grünen) is a green[1] political party in Luxembourg.

The Greens

Déi Gréng
LeaderDjuna Bernard
Meris Šehović
Founded23 June 1983
Headquarters3, rue du Fossé
L-1536 Luxembourg
Youth wingDéi Jonk Gréng (Young Greens)
IdeologyGreen politics[1][2]
Political positionCentre-left[2][3]
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupGreens/EFA[2]
Chamber of Deputies
9 / 60
European Parliament
1 / 6
Local Councils
77 / 600

Party history


The Luxembourgish Greens were founded on 23 June 1983 as Green Alternative Party (GAP). Among its founding members were people engaged in the peace movement and the movement against a nuclear power plant in Luxembourg. Many came from left socialist groups that had split from the LSAP and from the former maoist movement who had already in 1979 been involved in the electoral Alternative List - Resist. In the 1984 elections, the party got two seats in the Chamber of Deputies. In 1985, however the GAP split and its more conservative wing founded the Green List, Ecological Initiative (GLEI). They competed separately in the 1989 election, where they won two seats each.


The party's former logo

In 1994, the two parties presented a common list for the elections. They won five seats in the Chamber, getting nearly 11% of the votes, which made them the fourth strongest force in parliament. In that year's European elections, which coincided with the national elections, the party won one of the six seats allotted to Luxembourg. In 1995, the two parties merged officially. That same year, the Greens' MEP, Jup Weber, left the party again, forming the Green and Liberal Alliance and joining the European Radical Alliance in the European Parliament.

In the 1999 elections, the party lost a considerable number of votes (falling to 9%), but retained its five seats in the Chamber and re-gained its single seat in the European Parliament.


In 2004, the Greens regained the ground that they had lost in 1999 and won two additional seats in the Chamber. Although they got 15% of the votes in the coinciding European elections, placing them third, they couldn't add to their single seat.

In the June 2009 elections, the Luxembourg Green Party further increased their European score to 16,83% and sent its outgoing MEP Claude Turmes to Brussels and Strasbourg for a third mandate. In the coinciding national elections, they kept a status quo (+0,13%). Its 7 Members of Parliament (MP) all got reelected. However, its longest serving MP and founding member Jean Huss declared the following day, that he would retire from parliamentary politics in 2011 to the benefit of Josée Lorsché.

In the 2013 general election, the Greens stagnated at 10.1% and their number of seats dropped to 6. However, they became part of a three-party-coalition government with the liberal Democratic Party (DP) and the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) led by DP's Xavier Bettel. The Greens now have three ministers: Félix Braz, Minister for Justice, François Bausch, Minister for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure and Carole Dieschbourg, Minister for the Environment. It is the first time, that the Greens are part of a national government of Luxembourg.

Ideology and issues

The Greens are a typical green party. Sustainable development are one of their key issues. However, topics such as an ecological tax reform, renewable energy and energy efficiency or the consolidation of pension funds play an equally and ever increasingly important role. Especially in a country such as Luxembourg, pioneer of a new melting-pot society in Europe, equal participation of migrants is of utmost importance.

Furthermore, in its declaration of principles it has outlined, among others, the following priorities:[4]

Electoral results

Chamber of Deputies

Election Votes  % Seats +/– Government
1984 169,862 4.2 (#4)
2 / 64
0 Opposition
1989 275,756 8.6 (#5)
4 / 60
2 Opposition
1994 303,991 9.9 (#4)
5 / 60
1 Opposition
1999 266,644 9.1 (#5)
5 / 60
0 Opposition
2004 355,895 11.6 (#4)
7 / 60
2 Opposition
2009 347,388 11.7 (#4)
7 / 60
0 Opposition
2013 331,920 10.1 (#4)
6 / 60
1 Coalition
2018 533,893 15.1 (#4)
9 / 60
3 Coalition

European Parliament

Election Votes  % Seats +/–
1984 60,152 6.1 (#4)
0 / 6
1989 42,926 4.3 (#6)
0 / 6
1994 110,888 10.9 (#4)
1 / 6
1999 108,514 10.7 (#4)
1 / 6
2004 163,754 15.0 (#3)
1 / 6
2009 189,523 16.8 (#4)
1 / 6
2014 176,073 15.0 (#2)
1 / 6
2019 237,215 18.9 (#3)
1 / 6


Organisational structure

The Congress is the highest organ of the party. It sets out the party's strategy and political course and is open to all members of the party. Every two years, the congress elects the leadership of the party's organisation: two presidents, an executive committee, the party board in which the party's youth wing and the gender council are also represented, an executive council that represents the congress, the treasurer and a financial control board.

International organisations

The Greens are member of the European Green Party and the Global Greens.

See also


  1. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Luxembourg". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  2. "Luxembourg". Europe Elects.
  3. Josep M. Colomer (24 July 2008). Comparative European Politics. Taylor & Francis. pp. 221–. ISBN 978-0-203-94609-1. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  4. electoral programme 2013