The Internationale

"The Internationale" (French: "L'Internationale", [l‿ɛ̃.tɛʁ.na.sjɔ.nal(ə)]) is a left-wing anthem. It has been a standard of the socialist movement since the late nineteenth century, when the Second International adopted it as its official anthem. The title arises from the "First International", an alliance of workers which held a congress in 1864. The author of the anthem's lyrics, Eugène Pottier, an anarchist, attended this congress.[1][2] In turn, the song was later set to an original melody composed by Pierre De Geyter, a Marxist.[3]

"The Internationale"
"L'Internationale", original French version

International anthem of anarchists, communists, and socialists
Also known asL'Internationale (French)
LyricsEugène Pottier, 1871
MusicPierre De Geyter, 1888
Audio sample
"The Internationale" (instrumental)
Sung with English lyrics

"The Internationale" has been adopted as the anthem of various anarchist, communist, and socialist movements.[4][5]

From 1918 to 1944, "The Internationale" was used as an anthem of the Bolshevik Party, Soviet Russia and subsequently the USSR, before being replaced with the more nationally-focused State Anthem of the Soviet Union, reflecting Stalinist trends. (In 1917 and early 1918 Worker's Marseillaise was used as such). It was also used as a national anthem by the Chinese Soviet Republic, Bavarian Soviet Republic, Slovak Soviet Republic, and Hungarian Soviet Republic.

"The Internationale" is one of the most universally translated anthems in history.[6]