"The Internationale" (French: "L'Internationale", [l‿ɛ̃.tɛʁ.na.sjɔ.nal(ə)]) is a left-wing anthem. It has been a standard of the socialist movement since the late nineteenth century, when the Second International adopted it as its official anthem. The title arises from the "First International", an alliance of workers which held a congress in 1864. The author of the anthem's lyrics, Eugène Pottier, an anarchist, attended this congress. In turn, the song was later set to an original melody composed by Pierre De Geyter, a Marxist.
International anthem of anarchists, communists, and socialists
|Also known as||L'Internationale (French)|
|Lyrics||Eugène Pottier, 1871|
|Music||Pierre De Geyter, 1888|
"The Internationale" (instrumental)
From 1918 to 1944, "The Internationale" was used as an anthem of the Bolshevik Party, Soviet Russia and subsequently the USSR, before being replaced with the more nationally-focused State Anthem of the Soviet Union, reflecting Stalinist trends. (In 1917 and early 1918 Worker's Marseillaise was used as such). It was also used as a national anthem by the Chinese Soviet Republic, Bavarian Soviet Republic, Slovak Soviet Republic, and Hungarian Soviet Republic.
"The Internationale" is one of the most universally translated anthems in history.