The People of Freedom

The People of Freedom (Italian: Il Popolo della Libertà, PdL) was a centre-right political party in Italy.

The People of Freedom
Il Popolo della Libertà
PresidentSilvio Berlusconi
(2009–2013)
SecretaryAngelino Alfano
(2011–2013)
CoordinatorDenis Verdini
(2009–2013)
Sandro Bondi
(2009–2013)
Ignazio La Russa
(2009–2012)
SpokespersonDaniele Capezzone
(2009–2013)
Founded18 November 2007
(launched)
27 March 2009
(founded)
Dissolved16 November 2013
Merger ofForza Italia
National Alliance
minor parties
Succeeded byForza Italia (legal successor)
Brothers of Italy (split)
New Centre-Right (split)
HeadquartersVia dell'Umiltà 36
00187 Rome
Youth wingYoung Italy
Membership (2011)1,150,000[1][2]
(disputed)[3][4][5]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism[6][7][8][9]
Christian democracy[6]
Liberalism[10]
Conservatism[11]
Political positionCentre-right[8]
National affiliationCentre-right coalition
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colors  Azure
AnthemMeno male che Silvio c'è[12]
("Thank goodness for Silvio")
Website
www.pdl.it

The PdL, launched by Silvio Berlusconi on 18 November 2007, was initially a federation of political parties, notably including Forza Italia and National Alliance, which participated as a joint election list in the 2008 general election.[13] The federation was later transformed into a party during a party congress on 27–29 March 2009.

The party's leading members included Angelino Alfano (national secretary), Renato Schifani, Renato Brunetta, Roberto Formigoni, Maurizio Sacconi, Maurizio Gasparri, Mariastella Gelmini, Antonio Martino, Giancarlo Galan, Maurizio Lupi, Gaetano Quagliariello, Daniela Santanchè, Sandro Bondi and Raffaele Fitto.

The PdL formed Italy's government from 2008 to 2011 in coalition with Lega Nord. After having supported Mario Monti's technocratic government in 2011–2012, the party was part of Enrico Letta's government with the Democratic Party, Civic Choice and the Union of the Centre. Alfano functioned as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior.

In June 2013 Berlusconi announced Forza Italia's revival and the PdL's transformation into a centre-right coalition.[14][15] On 16 November 2013 the PdL's national council voted to dissolve the party and start a new Forza Italia; the assembly was deserted by a group of dissidents, led by Alfano, who had launched the New Centre-Right the day before.[16]