Thiérache campaign


The Thiérache campaign, also known as the chevauchée of Edward III of 1339 was the march from Valenciennes, Hainault across Cambrésis, Picardy and Thiérache in northern France by an English army with Flemish, Hainault and Holy Roman Empire allies. It began on 20 September 1339, resulting in the siege of Cambrai and ended with the with the withdrawal of the English forces on 24 October 1339 into Brabant. The English army was led by King Edward III, and the French by King Philip VI. It was a campaign during the Hundred Years' War.

Thiérache campaign
Chevauchée of Edward III of 1339
Part of the Hundred Years' War
Date20 September – 24 October 1339
Location
Northern France
Result English withdrawal
Belligerents
Kingdom of England
County of Flanders
Holy Roman Empire
County of Hainaut
Kingdom of France
Commanders and leaders
King Edward III King Philip VI

Aftermath

Duke John of Normandy led a French army through Hainault in revenge for their support of Edward III. The French progress was halted by the garrison of Le Quesnoy by the use of cannon.[1] A Flemish army led by Jacques van Artevelde, with Robert de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk and William Montagu, Earl of Salisbury, was ambushed on the way to Valenciennes; the Earls of Suffolk and Salisbury were captured and taken prisoner to Paris. Philip VI joined the French army and marched to meet the Flemish army. News arrived that the French fleet had been annihilated during the naval encounter at Sluys,[1] with the French army then retreating to Arras.

Citations

References

  • Burne, Alfred H. The Crécy War: A Military History of the Hundred Years War from 1337 to the Peace of Bretigny, 1360. Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1955.
  • Wagner, John A. (2006). "Thiérache Campaign (1339)". Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Greenwood. pp. 296–297. ISBN 978-0313327360.