Thomas More

Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More,[7][8] was an English lawyer, judge,[9] social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He also served Henry VIII as Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to May 1532.[10] He wrote Utopia, published in 1516,[11] which describes the political system of an imaginary island state.

Thomas More
Lord Chancellor
In office
October 1529  May 1532
MonarchHenry VIII
Preceded byThomas Wolsey
Succeeded byThomas Audley
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
31 December 1525  3 November 1529
MonarchHenry VIII
Preceded byRichard Wingfield
Succeeded byWilliam FitzWilliam
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
15 April 1523  13 August 1523
MonarchHenry VIII
Preceded byThomas Nevill
Succeeded byThomas Audley
Personal details
Born(1478-02-07)7 February 1478
City of London, England
Died6 July 1535(1535-07-06) (aged 57)
Tower Hill, London, England
    Jane Colt
    (m. 1505; died 1511)
      (m. 1511)
      ChildrenMargaret, Elizabeth, Cicely, and John
      ParentsSir John More
      Agnes Graunger

      Philosophy career
      Notable work
      Utopia (1516)
      Responsio ad Lutherum (1523)
      A Dialogue of Comfort against Tribulation (1553)
      EraRenaissance philosophy
      16th-century philosophy
      RegionWestern philosophy
      SchoolChristian humanism[1]
      Renaissance humanism
      Main interests
      Social philosophy
      Criticism of Protestantism
      Notable ideas

      More opposed the Protestant Reformation, directing polemics against the theology of Martin Luther, Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and William Tyndale. More also opposed Henry VIII's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as supreme head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and executed. On his execution, he was reported to have said: "I die the King's good servant, and God's first".

      Pope Pius XI canonised More in 1935 as a martyr. Pope John Paul II in 2000 declared him the patron saint of statesmen and politicians.[12][13][14]