Tiberias (//; Hebrew: טְבֶרְיָה, Ṭəḇeryā; Arabic: طبريا, romanized: Ṭabariyyā) is an Israeli city on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. Established around 20 CE, it was named in honour of the second emperor of the Roman Empire, Tiberius. In 2019 it had a population of 44,779.
City (from 1948)
|• Also spelled||Tveria, Tveriah (unofficial)|
|Grid position||201/243 PAL|
|Founded||1200 BCE (Biblical Rakkath)|
20 CE (Herodian city)
|• Mayor||Boaz Yosef|
|• Total||10,872 dunams (10.872 km2 or 4.198 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||City of Tiberius|
Tiberias has been held in great respect in Judaism since the mid-2nd century CE, and since the 16th century has been considered one of Judaism's Four Holy Cities, along with Jerusalem, Hebron, and Safed. From the time of the second through the tenth centuries CE, Tiberias was the largest Jewish city in the Galilee, and the political and religious hub of the Jews in the Land of Israel. Its immediate neighbour to the south, Hammat Tiberias, which is now part of modern Tiberias, has been known for its hot springs, believed to cure skin and other ailments, for some two thousand years.