Tibia

The tibia (/ˈtɪbiə/; pl. tibiae /ˈtɪbii/ or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones. The tibia is found on the medial side of the leg next to the fibula and closer to the median plane or centre-line. The tibia is connected to the fibula by the interosseous membrane of leg, forming a type of fibrous joint called a syndesmosis with very little movement. The tibia is named for the flute tibia. It is the second largest bone in the human body next to the femur. The leg bones are the strongest long bones as they support the rest of the body.

Tibia
Position of tibia (shown in red)
Cross section of the leg showing the different compartments (latin terminology)
Details
ArticulationsKnee, ankle, superior and
inferior tibiofibular joint
Identifiers
Latin(os) tibia
MeSHD013977
TA98A02.5.06.001
TA21397
FMA24476
Anatomical terms of bone

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Tibia, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.