Timeline of Adelaide history


This is a timeline of Adelaide history.

Prior to 1800s


1800s


1830s

1840s

  • 1840: The first portion of Government House is completed, becoming the first in Australia. The Corporation of Adelaide is founded as the first municipal authority in Australia, and James Hurtle Fisher is elected mayor. An agricultural show, which will become the Royal Adelaide Show, is first held in the yard of Fordham's Hotel in Grenfell Street.
  • 1841: Construction begins of Adelaide Gaol, and the first section is completed. The Adelaide Hospital (later Royal) is opened.
  • 1843: The first Legislative Council building is opened on North Terrace.
  • 1844: 22 April: Intervention of the police in a dispute between the Kaurna and Moorundie in the West Parklands and destruction of the aboriginal weapons. Considered the end-point of Kaurna culture in Adelaide.
  • 1845: 2 January: Death by tuberculosis in Adelaide of Mullawirraburka, known as "King John", Kaurna elder who learned English, taught aboriginal lore and helped the early colonists.
  • 1844: The colonial Government takes control of the Corporation of Adelaide.
  • 1847: St Peter's College is established. Pulteney Grammar School is established.
  • 1848: The Savings Bank of South Australia begins trading from a room in Gawler Place.
  • 1849: City Commissioners are nominated to manage Adelaide.

1850s

  • 1850: G. P. Harris and J. C. Lanyon, the forerunner to Harris Scarfe, opens on Hindley Street.
  • 1851: Responsible Government is introduced to South Australia, enfranchising wealthy male colonists.
  • 1852: The Corporation of Adelaide is reconstituted and James Hurtle Fisher again becomes mayor. The first overland transport of gold arrives in Adelaide.
  • 1853: The first four local governing bodies in South Australia (apart from the Corporation of Adelaide) were established as the district councils of Mitcham, East Torrens, Onkaparinga and Hindmarsh, following the passing of the 1852 'Act to appoint District Councils'.[2] The Philosophical Society of Adelaide founded (later becoming the Royal Society of South Australia).
  • 1855: Central Adelaide Mosque
  • 1856: The South Australian Institute is founded, from which will derive the State Library, State Museum and Art Gallery. The first telegraph line and steam railway between Adelaide and Port Adelaide are opened.
  • 1857: Adelaide Botanic Gardens opens at today's site in the Park Lands off North Terrace with George William Francis as the first director. Railway between Adelaide and Gawler was opened.
  • 1858: The Melbourne-Adelaide telegraph line is opened.
  • 1859: 3–8 February: devastating fires in the Adelaide Hills around Cox's Creek near Bridgewater.
  • 1859: A jetty more than 350 metres in length is constructed at Glenelg. It has a wooden lighthouse at its end, which will later be destroyed by fire.
  • 1859: The Norwood Town Hall was built on the Parade at Norwood. It was the first Town Hall in South Australia.

1860s

1870s

1880s

1890s

  • 1890: Adelaide's first public statue, Venus, is unveiled on North Terrace.
  • 1893: The Australian Association for the Advancement of Science meets in Adelaide – credit is universally accorded to Colonel Light for his selection of the site and for the design of Adelaide.
  • 1894: The world's second Act granting women suffrage is passed in Parliament House on North Terrace.
  • 1895: 24 July: Major fire at W. Menz & Co. confectioners, Wakefield Street opposite fire station[10]
  • 1896: Moving pictures are shown for first time in South Australia at Theatre Royal on Hindley Street. Happy Valley Reservoir is opened.
  • 1899: The South Australian contingent left Adelaide for the Second Boer War.

1900s


Early 1900s

1910s

  • 1910: 16 November: Major fire at Genders Building, Grenfell Street (on Hindmarsh Square corner)[15]
  • 1912: The Verco Building, an early 'skyscraper', is built on North Terrace.
  • 1913: The first metropolitan abattoir opens.
  • 1913: 23 November: Major fire at Lion Timber Mills, Franklin Street[16]
  • 1914: Planting of first memorial to the Great War, the Wattle Day League War Memorial Oak.
  • 1915: Australasia's first national Gallipoli Memorial established in the Adelaide Park Lands, 7 September 1915 – the Australian Wattle Day League's Gallipoli Memorial Wattle Grove with its centrepiece 'Australasian Soldiers Dardanelles 25 April 1915' obelisk (now known as the Dardanelles Cenotaph)
  • 1915: Liquor bars close at 6 pm following a referendum.
  • 1917: German private schools are closed. The first trains travel to Perth following completion of the East-West continental railway.
  • 1919: 2 February: Major fire at W. H. Burford & Son's soap and candle factory, Sturt Street[17]
  • 1919: Mayor Charles Richmond Glover becomes the first Lord Mayor.

1920s

  • 1920: 12–16 July: Royal Visit of the Prince of Wales
  • 1923: 21 February: Major fire at Duncan & Fraser Ltd and Duncan's Motors Ltd., Ford importers.[18]
  • 1924: Radio broadcasting begins.
  • 1924: 26 April: Major fire aboard steamer City of Singapore at Port Adelaide[19]
  • 1924: 10 November: Major fire at Richards Building, Chrysler body builders, importers Currie Street[20]
  • 1925: The Wayville Showgrounds open.
  • 1926: 1 January: Major fire at Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange, East End Market.[21]
  • 1926: 24 February: Major fire at Colonial Sugar Refinery works at Glanville.[22]
  • 1927: The North–South railway is extended. The Duke and Duchess of York visit.
  • 1928: 2000 special constables sworn in to break a strike of dock workers. The volunteer "Citizen's Defence Brigade" had been brought in and armed to fight striking port workers, and they were housed in a camp dubbed the "scab compound".
  • 1929: The electric tram service to Glenelg commences.

1930s

1940s

  • 1940: Birkenhead Bridge opened. Second industry rapidly expanded throughout Adelaide region and South Australia at large as the war-effort intensified.
  • 1940: 21 October: Major fire at Dunlop Perdriau Rubber Co., Flinders Street[28]
  • 1942: Rationing of tea and clothing introduced. Racesport and bookmaking banned.
  • 1943: Rationing of butter introduced. Racing re-allowed.
  • 1944: Rationing of meat introduced.
  • 1945: Gas and electricity restrictions imposed.
  • 1947: Orchards ripped up following discovery of fruit fly in the metropolitan area.
  • 1948: 2 March: Major fire at Charles Moore & Co.'s retail store, Victoria Square[29]
  • 1948: Glenelg jetty destroyed and widespread damage caused by severe storms. Clothing and meat rationing abolished. Holden began production.

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s


2000s

  • 2000: All government bus operations handed to private operators, buses and infrastructure still government owned. Heysen Tunnels in Adelaide Hills are opened.
  • 2001: Construction of Alice Springs-Darwin track starts. The National Wine Centre of Australia opens in the East Parklands.
  • 2002: Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip visited Adelaide. First low floor bus entered service on the O-Bahn Busway.
  • 2003: The transcontinental railway line from Adelaide to Darwin is completed.
  • 2004: Port Adelaide Football Club wins the AFL Grand Final. Trains travel from Adelaide to Darwin for the first time.
  • 2005: Adelaide Airport's new T1 terminal is opened. Port River Expressway opened.
  • 2007: World Police and Fire Games held in Adelaide. Adelaide-Glenelg tram service is extended to North Terrace (City West).
  • 2008: Record breaking heat wave set in March. RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 visits Adelaide for the last time. Electrification of suburban rail network announced.
  • 2009: Temperature reaches 45.7° Celsius[30] on 30 January. Lance Armstrong Rides in the Tour Down Under

2010s

See also


References


    • Glover, C. R. J. (Charles Richmond John); Archive CD Books Australia (2007), A history of first fifty years of Freemasonry in South Australia, 1834-1884, Archive CD Books Australia, ISBN 978-1-921461-29-3
  1. Marsden, Susan (2012). "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA: A HISTORY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIAN COUNCILS to 1936" (PDF). Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  2. "Destruction of Murray's Drapery". South Australian Register. XXXII (6634). 10 February 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  3. "The Fire in King William Street". South Australian Register. XL (8870). 20 April 1875. p. 6. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  4. "Disastrous Fire in Rundle Street". The Evening Journal. XIV (4014). Adelaide. 13 March 1882. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  5. "Destruction by Fire of the Academy of Music". Frearson's Monthly Illustrated Adelaide News (1). South Australia. 1 January 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
    • Hilbig, P. B. (Paul Berthold), 1903-; Mander-Jones, Evan, 1902–1975; Freemasons. Grand Lodge of South Australia (1976), A history of craft masonry in South Australia, 1884-1934, Grand Lodge of South Australia, ISBN 978-0-9596459-0-3CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. "City Telegrams". Port Augusta Dispatch. V (465). South Australia. 17 November 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  7. "The Fire at Coombe's and Burford's". Evening Journal. XVII (5164). Adelaide. 21 December 1885. p. 2. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  8. "A Large Fire". The Express and Telegraph. XXXII (9, 512). South Australia. 25 July 1895. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  9. "A Photographer Burnt Out". Adelaide Observer. LVII (3, 088). 8 December 1900. p. 30. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  10. "The Great Fire". The Advertiser. XLIII (13, 253). Adelaide. 10 April 1901. p. 7. Retrieved 21 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  11. "A Big Fire". Evening Journal. XLI (11218). Adelaide. 5 February 1907. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  12. "The Hindmarsh Fire". The Advertiser. L (15, 348). Adelaide. 27 December 1907. p. 7. Retrieved 11 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  13. "Tremendous Fire. City Corner Destroyed". The Evening Journal (Adelaide). XLIV (12356). South Australia. 16 November 1910. p. 4. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  14. "A Sunday Fire". The Journal. XLVIII (13271). Adelaide. 24 November 1913. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  15. "TTremendous Fire at Burford's Factory". The Express and Telegraph. LVI (16, 648). South Australia. 3 February 1919. p. 2. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  16. "Tremendous City Conflagration". The Journal. LVIII (16062). Adelaide. 21 February 1923. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  17. "Catastrophe at Port Adelaide". The Register. LXXXIX (26, 001). Adelaide. 28 April 1924. p. 8. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  18. "Richards' Building Destroyrd". The Border Watch. LXIII (6314). South Australia. 11 November 1924. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  19. "Fire at East End Market". The News. VI (761). Adelaide. 1 January 1926. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  20. "Huge Fire at Glanville". The Register. XCI (26, 572). Adelaide. 25 February 1926. p. 9. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  21. "City Paint Shop Destroyed by Fire". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 29 April 1935. p. 15. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  22. "Big Fire at Woollen Mill". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 12 August 1936. p. 19. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  23. "£5,000 Fire Damage". The News. XXX (4, 521). Adelaide. 19 January 1938. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  24. "Stock Exchange Blaze". The News. XXX (4, 641). Adelaide. 9 June 1938. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  25. "Fire Destroys Timber Mill at Port". The News. XXXIII (5, 114). Adelaide. 14 December 1939. p. 7. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  26. "£120,000 Blaze in Adelaide". The Recorder (Port Pirie) (12, 957). South Australia. 22 October 1940. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  27. "Big Fire May Cost £1 Million". The News. 50 (7, 669). Adelaide. 3 March 1948. p. 1. Retrieved 12 January 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  28. "THE EXCEPTIONAL HEATWAVE OF JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2009 IN SOUTH-EASTERN AUSTRALIA". Australia Bureau of Statistics. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  29. "Giant 'royal' cruise ships Queen Victoria, Queen Mary II visit Adelaide". AdelaideNow. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  30. "Giant cruise ship the Queen Mary 2 heads for Adelaide". AdelaideNow. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  31. "Storms wipe $300m in grain crops in South Australia". Herald Sun. 7 December 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  32. "Queen Mary 2 to steam into Outer Harbor today". AdelaideNow. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  33. "US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton impressed with Adelaide's facilities". AdelaideNow. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  34. "SA's $200m medical research institute officially opened by Prime Minister and Premier". ABC News 24. 29 November 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  35. The Seaford line is now electrified Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure

Further reading


  • Gargett, Kathyrn; Marsden, Susan (1996). Adelaide: A Brief History. State History Centre, History Trust of South Australia in association with Adelaide City Council. pp. 40–42. ISBN 0-7308-0116-0.
  • Whitelock, Derek (2000). Adelaide: A Sense of Difference. Kew: Australian Scholarly Publishing. pp. 393–405. ISBN 0-87560-657-1.