Timeline of Alexandria

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Alexandria, Egypt.

Greek era (331–30 BC)

See also: History of Alexandria in the Greek era [fr]

323–30 BC

Egypt's capital under Ptolemaic dynasty

50 BC–330 AD

Romans in power

Alexandria, 16th century

Byzantine rule 390–650

  • 391 – Theodosius I orders destruction of pagan temples.
  • 395 – Roman Empire formally split in two. The official start of so-called Byzantine Empire.
  • 415 – Lynching of the philosopher Hypatia by a radical Christian mob. The expulsion of the Jews from Alexandria, in 414 or 415 under the leadership of Saint Cyril. Around 100000 Jews expelled - another Pogrom or "Alexandria Expulsion".[1][2]
  • 619 – City besieged; Sassanid Persians in power.
  • 641–642 – City besieged; Arabs in power;[3] capital of Egypt relocates from Alexandria to Fustat.
  • 645 – Byzantines back in power.
  • 646 – Arabs back in power, following the Battle of Nikiou

Muslim Rule 700–1800

19th century

20th century

Aerial view of Alexandria, 1990

21st century

See also


  1. http://www.research-projects.uzh.ch/p498.htm, Cyril of Alexandria, Against Julian: Critical edition of books 1-10 ,page 503
  2. Alexandria in Late Antiquity: Topography and Social Conflict By Christopher Haas, JHU Press, Nov 4, 2002 - History - 520 pages, Part IV "Jewish Community"
  3. "Timelines: Egypt: AD 642 to present", World Book, USA
  4. Baedeker 1911.
  5. Synagogues listed here:http://www.nebidaniel.org/synagogues.php?lang=en
  6. Reimer 1988.
  7. Homans 1859.
  8. Britannica 1910.
  9. Donald Malcolm Reid (1993). "The Egyptian Geographical Society: From Foreign Laymen's Society to Indigenous Professional Association". Poetics Today. 14 (3): 539–572. doi:10.2307/1773284. JSTOR 1773284.
  10. P.C. Sadgrove (2007), The Egyptian Theatre in the Nineteenth Century (1799–1882), Garnet Publishing, ISBN 9780863723223
  11. "Alexandria". ArchNet.org. Archived from the original on 25 February 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  12. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  13. Der Volks-Brockhaus, Wiesbaden, 1965
  14. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  15. Sweco; Nordic Consulting Group (2003), Review of the Implementation Status of the Trans African Highways and the Missing Links (PDF), 2: Description of Corridors, African Development Bank and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
  16. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  17. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division.
  18. "Fatal clashes on Egypt uprising anniversary". BBC News. 25 January 2013.
  19. "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations

This article incorporates information from the French Wikipedia and the German Wikipedia.


Published in 18th–19th century
Published in 20th century
  • "Alexandria". Guide to Palestine and Egypt. London: Macmillan and Co. 1901.
  • T.G. Bonney; et al. (1904), "Alexandria", The Mediterranean, its Storied Cities and Venerable Ruins, New York: J. Pott
  • Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge (1906), "Alexandria", Cook's Handbook for Egypt and the Sudan (2nd ed.), London: T. Cook & Son, OCLC 7434398
  • "Alexandria". Guide to Egypt and the Sudan (5th ed.). London: Macmillan and Co. 1908.
  • "Alexandria", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 via Internet Archive
  • "Alexandria", The Mediterranean, Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1911, OCLC 490068
  • Rhuvon Guest (1913–1936), "al-Iskandarīya", Encyclopaedia of Islam (1st ed.), Brill, ISBN 9789004082656
  • Breccia, Evaristo (1914), Alexandrea ad Aegyptum; guide de la ville ancienne et moderne et du Musée gréco-romain (in French), Bergamo: Istituto italiano d'arti grafiche, OL 13523639M
  • Jonet (1921). Atlas historique de la ville et des ports d'Alexandrie (in French). Cairo.
  • E. M. Forster (1922), Alexandria: a History and a Guide, Alexandria: W. Morris
  • Michael J. Reimer (1988). "Colonial Bridgehead: Social and Spatial Change in Alexandria, 1850–1882". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 20 (4): 531–553. doi:10.1017/S0020743800053885. JSTOR 163400.
  • Noelle Watson, ed. (1996). "Alexandria". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa. UK: Routledge. ISBN 1884964036.
Published in 21st century