Timeline of Bursa


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Bursa, Turkey.

Prior to 14th century


14th–18th centuries


19th century


  • 1801 – Fire.[10]
  • 1802 – Fire.[10]
  • 1804 – Emir Sultan Mosque rebuilt.
  • 1814 – Sultan Abdülmecid visits city.[5]
  • 1823 – Population: 60,000 (approximate).[11]
  • 1845 – Isiklar Military High School established.[3]
  • 1852 – Brotte hotel in business.[12]
  • 1855 – 28 February: Earthquake.
  • 1864 – Gumuslu Kumbet (Silvered Tomb) rebuilt.[13]
  • 1869
    • Hamidiye Technical School opens.[14]
    • Bursa newspaper begins publication.[15]
  • 1875 – Orphanage founded.[10]
  • 1879 – Ahmet Vefik Pasha Theater built.[3]
  • 1883 – Egyptians in power.[2]
  • 1891 – Mudania-Bursa railway begins operating.[16]

20th century


  • 1910 – Population: 75,000.[2]
  • 1920 – City taken by Greek forces.[3]
  • 1923 – City becomes part of the newly formed Republic of Turkey.
  • 1932 – Tayyare theatre opens.[17]
  • 1944 – Military airport established.
  • 1945 – Ant newspaper begins publication.[15]
  • 1949 – Ormancı gazetesi newspaper begins publication.[15]
  • 1950
    • Hakimiyet milletindir newspaper begins publication.[15]
    • Population: 103,812.[18]
  • 1951 – İşçi sesi newspaper begins publication.[15]
  • 1952 – Gece postası newspaper begins publication.[15]
  • 1953 – Milletyolu newspaper begins publication (approximate date).[15]
  • 1962 – International Bursa Festival begins.[19]
  • 1963 – Bursaspor football club formed.
  • 1970 – Maarif Koleji (Education College) established.
  • 1972 – Archaeological Museum of Bursa opens.[20]
  • 1973
    • Atatürk Museum established.[20]
    • Population: 318,209 city; 426,567 urban agglomeration (approximate).[21]
  • 1974 – Tofaş Sports Club formed.
  • 1975
    • Bursa University established.
    • Turkish and Islamic Works Museum established in the Yesil complex.[20]
  • 1979 – Bursa Atatürk Stadium opens.
  • 1984 – Population: 535,500 (estimate).[22]
  • 1996 – Population: 1,211,688.[23]
  • 1998
  • 2000

21st century


  • 2002
    • Bursaray metro transit begins operating.
    • Bursa Book Fair begins (approximate date).[24]
  • 2008 – Wholesale Grocer and Fish Market, and Merinos Cultural Centre built.[6]
  • 2010 – Bursa Technical University established.
  • 2011 – Population: 1,704,441.
  • 2016 – 2016 Bursa bombing
  • 2017 - Population: 2,936,803 (estimate, urban agglomeration).[25]

See also


References


  1. Broadrup 1995.
  2. Britannica 1910.
  3. Stanley 2008.
  4. Black 1910.
  5. "About Bursa: History". Bursa: Uludağ University. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  6. ArchNet. "Bursa". Archived from the original on 9 October 2012.
  7. Grove 2009.
  8. "Bursa". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. Archived from the original on 16 May 2013.
  9. Faroqhi 2008.
  10. Murray 1907.
  11. Morse 1823.
  12. Cuinet 1894.
  13. Kuran 1996.
  14. "City Guide: Bursa". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  15. "Global Resources Network". Chicago, USA: Center for Research Libraries. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  16. Diplomatic and Consular Reports: Turkey. Great Britain, Foreign Office. 1892.
  17. "About Bursa: Culture". Bursa: Uludağ University. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  18. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  19. "International Bursa Festival". Gent, Belgium: European Festivals Association. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  20. "About Bursa: Museums". Bursa: Uludağ University. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  21. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  22. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  23. Census, October 1996
  24. "7th edition of Bursa Book Fair opens at weekend". Hürriyet Daily News. 28 February 2009.
  25. "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia and Turkish Wikipedia.

Bibliography


Published in 19th century
Published in 20th century
  • "Brusa". Guide to Greece, the Archipelago, Constantinople, the Coasts of Asia Minor. London: Macmillan and Co. 1907.
  • "Brusa", Handbook for Travellers in Constantinople, Brusa, and the Troad, London: J. Murray, 1907 (+ 1854 ed.)
  • Demetrius Coufopoulos (1910), "Brusa", Guide to Constantinople (4th ed.), London: Adam and Charles Black
  • "Brusa", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 via Internet Archive
  • H. Gerber (1976), "Guilds in Seventeenth Century Bursa", Asian and African Studies
  • Murat Çịzakça (1980). "A Short History of the Bursa Silk Industry (1500–1900)". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 23.
  • Haim Gerber (1980). "Social and Economic Position of Women in an Ottoman City, Bursa, 1600–1700". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 12.
  • Halil Sahillioğlu (1985). "Slaves in the social and economic life of Bursa in the late 15th and early 16th centuries". Turcica.
  • Haim Gerber (1988). Economy and Society in an Ottoman City: Bursa, 1600–1700. Jerusalem: Hebrew University.
  • "Turkey: Bursa", Middle East, Lonely Planet, 1994, p. 633+, OL 16516298W
  • E. Broadrup (1995). "Bursa, Turkey". International Dictionary of Historic Places. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 105.
  • Aptullah Kuran (1996). "A Spatial Study of Three Ottoman Capitals: Bursa, Edirne, and Istanbul". Muqarnas. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 13.
  • "Northwestern Turkey: Bursa". Greece & Turkey. Let's Go. 1996. p. 453+.
Published in 21st century