Timeline of Burundian history
This is a timeline of Burundian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Burundi and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Burundi. See also the list of Kings of Burundi, list of colonial governors of Burundi, and list of Presidents of Burundi.
|1858||The area was visited by British explorer John Hanning Speke, who became the first European to do so.|
|1903||Burundi came under the control of Germany.|
|1922||20 July||Burundi and Rwanda were joined into the League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi, governed by Belgium.|
|1962||1 July||Burundi received independence from Belgium.|
|1965||15 January||Prime Minister Pierre Ngendandumwe was assassinated by a Rwandan Tutsi.|
|1966||28 November||Michel Micombero became the first President of Burundi.|
|1972||27 April||Burundi genocide (1972): A rebellion broke out which led to a genocide against Hutus.|
|1976||2 November||Jean-Baptiste Bagaza assumed the Presidency of Burundi in a bloodless coup d'état.|
|1987||3 September||1987 Burundian coup d'état: Bagaza was deposed while in Canada.|
|2 October||Pierre Buyoya was sworn in as President of Burundi.|
|1992||March||Burundi adopted a new constitution.|
|1993||2 June||Burundian presidential election, 1993: The Hutu Melchior Ndadaye won the election.|
|21 October||Burundi Civil War: Ndadaye was assassinated by Tutsi extremists, starting a genocide against Tutsis and a civil war.|
|1994||5 February||Cyprien Ntaryamira took office as President of Burundi.|
|6 April||Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira: Ntaryamira and Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana were shot down as their aircraft approached Kigali.|
|8 April||Sylvestre Ntibantunganya was named interim President.|
|25 April||An attempted military coup was averted.|
|30 September||Ntibantunganya was elected President by a new Convention of Government.|
|1995||11 March||Mines and Energy Minister Ernest Kabushemeye was eaten by cannibals in Bujumbura.|
|1996||21 July||Hutu rebels attacked a refugee camp in the country, killing more than three hundred people.|
|25 July||1996 Burundian coup d'état: Buyoya returned to power.|
|2004||May||The United Nations Operation in Burundi was established.|
|2005||19 August||Burundian presidential election, 2005: Sole candidate Pierre Nkurunziza was elected President of Burundi.|
|2007||February||The United Nations shut down its peacekeeping operations in Burundi.|
|2019||February||The Burundian parliament votes to move the capital from Bujumbura to Gitega.|
- Notholt (2008), p. 2.26
- Lawson & Bertucci (1996), p. 168
- Europa (2004), p. 135
- Kieh (2007), p. 73
- Notholt (2008), p. 2.24
- Europa (2004), p. 136
- "World News Briefs; Burundi Aide Killed, Raising Ethnic Tension", The New York Times, 12 March 1995, retrieved 6 June 2010
- Reuters (22 July 1996), "300 Slain in Attack on Camp For Refugees in Burundi Strife", The New York Times, retrieved 6 June 2010
- Palmer (2005), p. 221
- Europa Publications (2004). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Routledge. ISBN 1-85743-183-9.
- Kieh, George Klay (2007). Beyond State Failure and Collapse: Making the State Relevant in Africa. Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-0892-5.
- Lawson, Edward H.; Bertucci, Mary Lou (1996). Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1-56032-362-0.
- Notholt, Stuart (2008). Fields of Fire: An Atlas of Ethnic Conflict. Troubador Publishing. ISBN 978-1-906510-47-3.
- Palmer, Mark (2005). Breaking the Real Axis of Evil: How to Oust the World's Last Dictators by 2025. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7425-3255-0.
- Institut für Afrika-Kunde; Rolf Hofmeier, eds. (1990). "Burundi". Afrika Jahrbuch 1989 (in German). Germany: Leske + Budrich. doi:10.1007/978-3-322-92639-5. ISBN 978-3-8100-0831-2. OCLC 19093344.
Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft in Afrika südlich der Sahara
- "Burundi". Political Chronology of Africa. Political Chronologies of the World. Europa Publications. 2001. p. 51+. ISBN 0203409957.
- Stef Vandeginste (2013). "Burundi". In Andreas Mehler; et al. (eds.). Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2012. 9. Koninklijke Brill. p. 291+. ISBN 9789004256002. ISSN 1871-2525.