Timeline of Burundian history

This is a timeline of Burundian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Burundi and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Burundi. See also the list of Kings of Burundi, list of colonial governors of Burundi, and list of Presidents of Burundi.

19th century

1858The area was visited by British explorer John Hanning Speke, who became the first European to do so.

20th century

1903Burundi came under the control of Germany.[1]
192220 JulyBurundi and Rwanda were joined into the League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi, governed by Belgium.[1]
19621 JulyBurundi received independence from Belgium.[1]
196515 JanuaryPrime Minister Pierre Ngendandumwe was assassinated by a Rwandan Tutsi.
196628 NovemberMichel Micombero became the first President of Burundi.
197227 AprilBurundi genocide (1972): A rebellion broke out which led to a genocide against Hutus.
19762 NovemberJean-Baptiste Bagaza assumed the Presidency of Burundi in a bloodless coup d'état.
19873 September1987 Burundian coup d'état: Bagaza was deposed while in Canada.[2]
2 OctoberPierre Buyoya was sworn in as President of Burundi.[3]
1992MarchBurundi adopted a new constitution.[4]
19932 JuneBurundian presidential election, 1993: The Hutu Melchior Ndadaye won the election.
21 OctoberBurundi Civil War: Ndadaye was assassinated by Tutsi extremists, starting a genocide against Tutsis and a civil war.[1]
19945 FebruaryCyprien Ntaryamira took office as President of Burundi.
6 AprilAssassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira: Ntaryamira and Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana were shot down as their aircraft approached Kigali.[5]
8 AprilSylvestre Ntibantunganya was named interim President.[6]
25 AprilAn attempted military coup was averted.[6]
30 SeptemberNtibantunganya was elected President by a new Convention of Government.[6]
199511 MarchMines and Energy Minister Ernest Kabushemeye was eaten by cannibals in Bujumbura.[7]
199621 JulyHutu rebels attacked a refugee camp in the country, killing more than three hundred people.[8]
25 July1996 Burundian coup d'état: Buyoya returned to power.[9]

21st century

2004MayThe United Nations Operation in Burundi was established.
200519 AugustBurundian presidential election, 2005: Sole candidate Pierre Nkurunziza was elected President of Burundi.
2007FebruaryThe United Nations shut down its peacekeeping operations in Burundi.
2019 February The Burundian parliament votes to move the capital from Bujumbura to Gitega.

See also


  • "Timeline: Burundi". BBC. 25 February 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010.

Further reading