Timeline of Chemnitz


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Chemnitz, Germany.

Prior to 20th century


  • 1136 - Benedictine monastery [de] founded near Chemnitz.[1]
  • 1143 - Chemnitz "becomes a market town."[1]
  • 1398 - Paper mill established.[2]
  • 1466 - Population: 3,455.
  • 1498 - Town Hall [de] built near the Markt (Chemnitz) [de].
  • 1539 - Protestant Reformation.[1]
  • 1551 - Population: 5,616.
  • 1630 - Battle of Chemnitz.
  • 1700 - Population: 4,873.
  • 1801 - Population: 10,835.
  • 1811 - Schwalbe manufactory in business (later Chemieanlagenbau Chemnitz [de] engineering firm).
  • 1833 - Chemnitz City Orchestra [de] formed.[3]
  • 1836 - Royal Mercantile College established.
  • 1840 - Population: 23,476.[4]
  • 1852 - Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof opens.
  • 1864 - Population: 54,827.[4]
  • 1868 - Museum für Naturkunde Chemnitz [de] founded.
  • 1869 - Volksbank Chemnitz [de] (bank) founded.
  • 1878 - Jewish Cemetery, Chemnitz [de] in use (approximate date).
  • 1880
    • Horsecar tram begins operating.
    • Population: 95,123.[4]
    • Schlosschemnitz [de] becomes part of city.
  • 1884 - Chemnitz Tar Mummy discovered.
  • 1885 - Population: 110,817.[5]
  • 1888 - St. Peter's Church, Chemnitz [de] built.
  • 1890 - Population: 138,954.[4]
  • 1893 - Electric tram begins operating.
  • 1899 - Chemnitz Synagogue [de] built.

20th century


Arbeiterfestspiele participants in front of City Hall, 1960
  • 1905 - Population: 244,927.[6]
  • 1907 - Bernsdorf [de] becomes part of city.
  • 1909
  • 1910 - Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe-Gymnasium (school) established.
  • 1911 - New City Hall, Chemnitz [de] built.
  • 1913 - Borna-Heinersdorf [de] becomes part of city.
  • 1919 - Population: 303,775.[7]
  • 1920 - Chemnitzer Polizeisportverein [de] sport club formed.
  • 1926 - Südkampfbahn stadium opens.
  • 1933 - Theaterplatz (Chemnitz) [de] renamed "Adolf Hitler Platz".
  • 1934 - Stadion an der Gellertstraße (stadium) opens.
  • 1938 - 9 November: Kristallnacht antisemitic unrest; synagogue destroyed.
  • 1945
    • Bombing of Chemnitz in World War II [de].
    • City becomes part of East Germany.
  • 1946 - Population: 250,188.
  • 1947 - Wismut (mining company) headquartered in Chemnitz.
  • 1950 - Adelsberg [de] becomes part of city.
  • 1953 - City renamed "Karl-Marx-Stadt".
  • 1955 - Chemnitz Botanical Garden rebuilt.[8]
  • 1959 - Red Tower, Chemnitz [de] reconstructed.
  • 1960 - Arbeiterfestspiele [de] (workers' cultural festival) held.
  • 1961
  • 1966
  • 1967 - City twinned with Arras, France.
  • 1968 - City twinned with Timbuktu, Mali.
  • 1970 - City twinned with Ústí nad Labem, Czechoslovakia.
  • 1971 - 9 October: Karl Marx Monument unveiled.[9]
  • 1972
    • City twinned with Łódź, Poland.
    • Population: 301,502.
  • 1974 - Wohngebiet Fritz Heckert [de] (housing) construction begins.
  • 1990
    • City renamed "Chemnitz".
    • Chemnitzer Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft [de] (transit entity) established.
    • Population: 294,244.
  • 1991 - Annual "Days of Jewish Culture" begins.[10]
  • 1993 - Peter Seifert [de] becomes mayor.
  • 1997 - City-Bahn Chemnitz (transit entity) established.
  • 1999 - Röhrsdorf [de] and Wittgensdorf [de] become part of city.

21st century


See also


Other cities in the state of Saxony:

References


  1. Britannica 1910.
  2. Wilhelm Sandermann (2013). "Beginn der Papierherstellung in einigen Landern". Papier: Eine spannende Kulturgeschichte (in German). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-662-09193-7. (timeline)
  3. Colin Lawson, ed. (2003). "Orchestras Founded in the 19th Century (chronological list)". Cambridge Companion to the Orchestra. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00132-8.
  4. Brockhaus 1896.
  5. "German Empire: Area and Population: Principal Towns". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1890.
  6. "Germany". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1908.
  7. "Germany: Area and Population: Principal Towns". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921 via HathiTrust.
  8. "Garden Search: Germany". London: Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  9. "In Germany, an Unlikely Art Hub Honed by Enthusiasm", New York Times, 27 July 2012
  10. "Kurt Weill's Heritage: Honor Replaces Scorn; A German City Performs His Jewish Opera", New York Times, 28 June 1999
  11. "Furore over German 'Brevik' clothing shop in Chemnitz", BBC News, 6 March 2012

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

Bibliography


in English

in German