Timeline of Eastern philosophers

This is a wide-ranging alphabetical list of philosophers from the Eastern traditions of philosophy, with special interest in Indo-Chinese philosophy. The list stops at the year 1950, after which philosophers fall into the category of contemporary philosophy.

Timeline of Eastern | Western philosophers

Chinese philosophers

Ancient Chinese philosophers

Before 256 BCE (until the end of the Zhou dynasty)
475–221 BCE (Warring States period)
221 BCE–220 CE (Qin, Han and Xin dynasties)
220 CE–907 CE (Three Kingdoms period to Tang dynasty)
907–1368 (Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period to Yuan dynasty)
1368–1912 (Ming and Qing dynasties)

Modern Chinese philosophers


Indian philosophers

Ancient Indian philosophers

Early Vedic age 1500-800BCE (Saptarishi)
Late Vedic age 800–400 BCE (Sectarianism)
321–184 BCE (Maurya Empire)
184 BCE–100 CE (Early Middle Kingdoms Begin—The Golden Age)
100–300 (Cholas, Cheras, Pandavas and Kushan Empire)
300–550 (Gupta Empire)
600–900 (Late Middle Kingdoms—The Classical Age)
900–1100 (The Islamic Sultanates)
  • Abhinavagupta (c. 975–1025)
  • Atiśa (c. 980-1054) He was one of the major figures in the spread of Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism in Asia and inspired Buddhist thought from Tibet to Sumatra
  • Udayana (c. 10th century) he was a very important Hindu logician who attempted to reconcile the views held by the two major schools of logic (Nyaya and Vaisheshika).
  • Ramanuja (c. 1017–1137) — founder of Vishishtadvaita or Qualified Non-dualism
1100–1500 (Vijaynagara Empire and Delhi Sultanate)
1500–1800 (Mughal Empire, Rajput Kingdoms and Marahtha Confederacy Era)
  • Mirabai (1498–1557) Bhakti saint & devotee of Krishna
  • Nanak (c. 1469–1539) — Bhakti Philosopher, Founder of Sikhism
  • Bhai gurdas :foundation sikh philosophy ,Indian six school interpretation
  • Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (c. 1540–1640)
  • Vijñānabhikṣu (c. 1550–1600) — synthesized Vedānta, Sāṃkhya, and Yoga into avibhagādvaita ("indistinguishable non-dualism")
  • Gadadhara Bhattacharya (17th century) — Nyaya philosopher

Modern Indian philosophers

1800–1947 (Colonial and Postcolonial Era)

Japanese philosophers

Ancient Japanese philosophers

Until 1185 CE (until the end of the Heian period)
1185–1333 (Kamakura period)
1333–1867 (Muromachi period to Edo period)

Modern Japanese philosophers


Korean philosophers

Ancient Korean philosophers

Until 676 CE (until the end of the Three Kingdoms period)
  • Seungrang (c. 6th century)
676–935 (Unified Silla period)
935–1392 (Goryeo period)
1392–1910 (Joseon period)

Modern Korean philosophers


Tibetan philosophers

See also