Timeline of Erfurt


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Erfurt, Germany.

Prior to 19th century


19th century


20th century


  • 1909 - Gutenbergschule (school) opens.
  • 1911 - Ilversgehofen [de] becomes part of Erfurt.(de)
  • 1919 - Population: 129,646.[15]
  • 1937 - Population: 152,651.(de)
  • 1938 - Hochheim and Melchendorf [de] become part of Erfurt.(de)
  • 1940 - Bombing of Erfurt in World War II [de] begins.[3]
  • 1945
  • 1949 - City becomes part of the German Democratic Republic.[3]
  • 1945 - Thüringische Landeszeitung (newspaper) begins publication.
  • 1950
    • Bindersleben [de], Bischleben-Stedten, Dittelstedt, Gispersleben, Marbach, Möbisburg-Rhoda, and Schmira become part of Erfurt.(de)
    • City becomes capital of the Kreis Erfurt-Land [de] (district).[7]
  • 1952 - Neue Synagoge (Erfurt) [de] (synagogue) built.
  • 1958 - Thüringer Zoopark Erfurt [de] founded.[16]
  • 1960 - Heimattreue Erfurter [de] association of Erfurters who moved to West Germany founded.[3]
  • 1971 - Population: 198,265.(de)
  • 1974 - Stadtmuseum Erfurt [de] opens in the Haus zum Stockfisch [de].[3]
  • 1989 - Demonstrations against the GDR government,[17] and citizens' occupation of the Stasi district headquarters and Stasi prison in Andreasstrasse.[18]
  • 1990
  • 1993 - University of Erfurt reestablished.[7]
  • 1994
    • Alach [de], Azmannsdorf [de], Büßleben, Egstedt, Ermstedt, Frienstedt, Gottstedt, Hochstedt, Kerspleben, Kühnhausen, Linderbach, Mittelhausen, Molsdorf, Niedernissa, Rohda, Salomonsborn, Schaderode, Schwerborn, Stotternheim, Tiefthal, Töttelstädt, Töttleben, Urbich, Vieselbach, Wallichen, Waltersleben, and Windischholzhausen become part of Erfurt.(de)
    • Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt reestablished.[1]
  • 1995 - Naturkundemuseum Erfurt (museum) built.[3]
  • 1997 - Erfurt Stadtbahn (tram) begins operating.

21st century


See also


References


  1. "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Germany". Norway: Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  2. Britannica 1910.
  3. "Geschichte: Chronik" [Historical Chronology]. Erfurt.de: das offizielle Stadtportal der Landeshauptstadt Thüringens (in German). Landeshauptstadt Erfurt. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  4. Jewish Life in Erfurt. Old synagogue Retrieved 3 June 2017
  5. Stade, Heinz (2010) Augustinerkloster. Luther-Ort und Stätte der Begegnung, Bonn: Deutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz
  6. "Erfurt", Oxford Art Online. Retrieved 18 November 2016
  7. Levi 1995.
  8. Die Cyriaksburg: Sitz des Deutschen Gartenbaumuseums Erfurt. Retrieved 23 December 2017
  9. Bouchot, Henri (1890). H. Grevel (ed.). The book: its printers, illustrators, and binders, from Gutenberg to the present time. London: H. Grevel & Co. pp. 368–374.
  10. Verein der Freunde der Citadelle Petersberg zu Erfurt e.V. (2015). 350 Jahre Zitadelle Petersberg. Tagungsband: Wissenschaftliches Kolloquim zum 350. Jahrestages der Grundsteinlegung der Zitadelle Petersberg vom 29. Mai bis 31 Mai 2015. Universität Erfurt.
  11. Jim Parrott (ed.). "Chronology of Scholarly Societies". Scholarly Societies Project. Canada: University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  12. "Geschichte des Stadtarchivs Erfurt". Erfurt.de: das offizielle Stadtportal der Landeshauptstadt Thüringens (in German). Landeshauptstadt Erfurt. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  13. "Germany: Prussia". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1885 via HathiTrust.
  14. "German Empire: States of Germany: Prussia". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1899 via HathiTrust.
  15. "Germany". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921 via HathiTrust.
  16. Vernon N. Kisling, ed. (2000). "Zoological Gardens of Germany (chronological list)". Zoo and Aquarium History. USA: CRC Press. p. 372. ISBN 978-1-4200-3924-5.
  17. Raßloff, Steffen (27 October 2012) Besetzung Stasi-Bezirksverwaltung 1989. Die Angst überwunden. Denkmale in Erfurt (69): Mit der Besetzung der ersten Stasi-Bezirksverwaltung gab Erfurt am 4. Dezember 1989 ein DDR-weites Signal. Beitrag der Serie Denkmale in Erfurt aus der Thüringer Allgemeine on www.efurt-web.de. Retrieved 6 August 2019
  18. How ordinary people smashed the Stasi in The Local.de, 4 December 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2019
  19. "Ende einer Entführung: Polizei befreit Bernd das Brot", Der Spiegel (in German), 1 February 2009

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

Bibliography


in English

in German