Timeline of Essen


The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Essen, Germany.

Prior to 19th century


  • 845 – Essen Abbey founded (approximate date).
  • 971 – Mathilde, granddaughter of Otto I becomes abbess of Essen Abbey.
  • 1012 – Sophia, daughter of Otto II becomes abbottess of the Essen Stift.
  • 1041 – Essen receives rights to a market.
  • 1244 – The association of the ministeriales of the Essen Abbey and the citizens of the town of Essen arrange for the Essen town walls [de] to be erected.
  • 1316 – Essen Minster (church) dedicated.
  • 1390 – Essener Schützenverein (militia) formed.[1]
  • 1598 – Borbeck Castle rebuilt.[citation needed]
  • 1736 – Neueste Essendische Nachrichten von Staats- und Gelehrten Sachen (Newest Essen News of State and Learned Matters) newspaper begins publication.
  • 1797 – G. D. Baedeker Verlag [de] bookseller in business.[2]

19th century


  • 1802 – Area occupied by Prussian troops.
  • 1803
  • 1810 – Krupp foundry in business.
  • 1814 – Town becomes part of Prussia.[3]
  • 1822 – Town becomes part of the Rhine Province.
  • 1841 – Simon Hirschland Bank in business.
  • 1847 – Essen-Bergeborbeck station opens.
  • 1849 – Population: 8,813.[3]
  • 1851 – Zollverein Coal Mine begins operating.
  • 1862 – Essen Hauptbahnhof and Essen-Borbeck station open.
  • 1866 – Fredebeul & Koenen booksellers in business.[2]
  • 1870 – Synagogue consecrated.[4]
  • 1871 – Town becomes part of the German Empire.
  • 1872 – Neu-Westend developed.[5]
  • 1873 – Villa Hügel (Krupp residence) built.
  • 1875 – Population: 54,790.[3]
  • 1880 – Historical Society for the City and Convent of Essen founded.
  • 1881
    • Essener Turnerbund athletic club formed.
    • Beiträge zur Geschichte von Stadt und Stift Essen (journal of city history) begins publication.[6]
  • 1886 – Photographische Genossenschaft von Essen (photography group) founded.[7]
  • 1892 – City Theatre opens.[8][9]
  • 1893
  • 1898 – Krupp's Essener Hof (hotel) built.
  • 1899 – Essen Philharmonic Orchestra founded.[10]

20th century


1900s-1940s

1950s–1990s

21st century


See also


References


  1. Hermann Tallau (2008). "Alteste (100) Schützenvereinigungen 799-1392". Ein Kaleidoskop zum Schützenwesen (in German). Duderstadt: Mecke Druck und Verlag. ISBN 978-3-936617-85-6.
  2. Allgemeines Adreßbuch für den deutschen Buchhandel ... 1870 (in German). Leipzig: O.A. Schulz. 1870.
  3. "Essen", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica Co., 1910, OCLC 14782424
  4. Shmuel Spector, ed. (2001). "Essen". Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust. USA: NYU Press. p. 370. ISBN 978-0-8147-9376-3.
  5. Samuel M. Lindsay (1892). "Social Work at the Krupp Foundries, Essen, A. R., Germany". Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 3: 74–106. JSTOR 1008598.
  6. Historischer Verein für Stadt und Stift Essen, Beiträge zur Geschichte von Stadt und Stift Essen (in German), ISSN 0341-9088
  7. Königliche Museen zu Berlin (1904). Kunsthandbuch für Deutschland (in German) (6th ed.). Georg Reimer.
  8. Neuer Theater Almanach (in German). Berlin: Gunther & Sohn. 1909. hdl:2027/uva.x030515383.
  9. Almanach 1919 der vereinigten Stadttheater Essens (in German), Essen: Fredebeul & Koenen, 1919
  10. Colin Lawson, ed. (2003). "Orchestras Founded in the 19th Century (chronological list)". Cambridge Companion to the Orchestra. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00132-8.
  11. "History". Grugapark Essen. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  12. "Garden Search: Germany". London: Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  13. "Movie Theaters in Essen, Germany". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  14. "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Germany". Norway: Oslo katolske bispedømme (Oslo Catholic Diocese). Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  15. Paul Betts (2004). The Authority of Everyday Objects: A Cultural History of West German Industrial Design. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-94135-9.
  16. "Bisherige Gartenschauen" [Previous Garden Shows] (in German). Bonn: Deutsche Bundesgartenschau-Gesellschaft. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  17. Don Rubin, ed. (2001). World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre. 1: Europe. Routledge. ISBN 9780415251570.
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

Bibliography


in English

in German